Publications – Richard Schulz, PhD



 

schulz_richard_02

Books

Schulz, R. & Eden, J. (Eds.). (2016). Families Caring for an Aging America. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine. (2016). Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23606.

Schulz, R. (Editor in Chief). (2013). Quality of Life Technology Handbook. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press/Taylor and Francis Group.

Schulz, R. (Editor in Chief). (2006). Encyclopedia of Aging, 4th Edition. NY: Springer.

Steering Committee for the Workshop on Adaptive Aging: From Technology to Gerontology (Pew, R. W. [Ed], Bass, S. A., Coughlin, J. F., Hardy, M. A., Kramer, A. F., Pollack, M. E., Rogers, W. A., Schulz, R., Scialfa, C. T., Sheridan, T. B., Van Hemel, S. B. [Ed.], & Martinez, J. G.). (2004). Technology for Adaptive Aging. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Ekerdt, D. J. (Editor in Chief), R. A. Applebaum, K. Holden, S. G. Post, K. Rockwood, R. Schulz, R. L., Sprott, and P. Uhlenberg (Eds). (2002). Encyclopedia of Aging, 4 Volumes. NY: Macmillan Reference USA.

Schulz, R. (Ed.). (2000). Handbook on dementia caregiving: Evidence-based interventions for family caregivers. NY: Springer.

Schulz, R., Maddox, G. M., & Lawton, M. P., (Eds.) (1999). Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Vol. 18: Intervention research with older adults. NY: Springer.

Schulz, R., and Salthouse, T. (1999). Adult development and aging: Myths and emerging realities, Third Edition. NY: Prentice Hall.

Schulz, R., Piantanida, M., and Ewen, R. (First Edition, 1988; Second Edition, 1993) Adult development and aging: Myths and emerging realities. Instructor’s manual. NY: Macmillan.

Schulz, R., and Ewen, R. (1993). Adult development and aging: Myths and emerging realities, Second Edition. NY: Macmillan.

Biegel, D., Sales, E., and Schulz, R. (1991). Family caregiving in chronic illness: Heart disease, cancer, stroke, Alzheimer’s disease, and chronic mental illness. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.

Schulz, R., and Ewen, R. (1988). Adult development and aging: Myths and emerging realities. NY: Macmillan.

Schulz, R. (1978). The psychology of death, dying, and bereavement. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley


Refereed Journals

Beach, S.R., & Schulz, R. (in press). Family caregiver factors associated with unmet needs for care among older adult care recipients. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Beach, S.R., Schulz, R., & Sneed, R. (in press). Associations between social support, social networks and financial exploitation in older adults. Journal of Applied Gerontology. PMID: 27255685 doi: 10.1177/0733464816642584.

Czaja, S.J., Sabbag, S., Lee, C.C., Schulz, R., Lang, S., Vlahovic, T., Jaret, A., & Thurston, C. (in press). Concerns about aging and caregiving among middle-aged and older lesbian and gay adults.  Aging and Mental Health. PMID: 26247917. doi: 10.1080/13607863.2015.1072795.

Schulz, R., Savla, J., Czaja, S.J., Monin, J. (in press). The role of compassion, suffering and intrusive thoughts in dementia caregiver depression. Aging and Mental Health. PMID: 27260874 doi: 10.1080/13607863.2016.1191057.

Stahl, S.T., Beach, S.R., Musa, D., & Schulz, R. (in press). Living alone and depression: The modifying role of the perceived neighborhood environment. Aging and Mental Health. PMID: 27267633. doi: 10.1080/13607863.2016.1191060.

Callan, J.A., Siegle, G.J., Abebe, K., Black, B., Martire, L., Schulz, R., Reynolds, C., & Hall, M.H.  (2016).  Feasibility of a Pocket-PC based cognitive control intervention in dementia spousal caregivers.  Aging and Mental Health, 20(6), 575-582. PMID: 25945597. PMCID: PMC4766049. doi.10.1080/13607863.2015.1031635.

Lingler, J.H., Butters, M.A., Gentry, A.L., Hu, L., Hunsaker, A.E., Klunk, W.E., Mattos, M.K., Parker, L.A., Roberts, J.S., & Schulz, R. (2016). Development of a Standardized Approach to Disclosing Amyloid Imaging Research Results in Mild Cognitive Impairment. Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, 52(1), 17-24.  PMID: 27060950. PMCID: PMC4860948. doi: 10.3233/JAD-150985.

Lingler, J.H., Terhorst, L.A., Schulz, R., Gentry, A.L., & Lopez, O.L. (2016). Dyadic analysis of illness perceptions among persons with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and their family members. The Gerontologist, 56(5), 886-895. PMID: 26034901. PMCID: PMC5019043. doi: 10.1093/geront/gnv029.

Monin, J., Doyle, M., Levy, B., Schulz, R., Fried, T., & Kershaw, T. (2016). Spousal associations between frailty status and depressive symptoms: Longitudinal findings from the Cardiovascular Health Study. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 64(4), 824-830. PMID: 27100578. PMCID: PMC4900179. doi: 10.1111/jgs.14023.

Schulz, R., Beach, S.R., Matthews, J.T., Courtney, K., De Vito Dabbs, A., & Person Mecca, L. (2016). Caregivers’ willingness to pay for technologies to support caregiving. The Gerontologist, 56(5), 817-829. PMID: 26035899. PMCID: PMC5019044. doi: 10.1093/geront/gnv033.

Sherwood, P., Price, T., Weimer, J., Ren, D., Donovan, H., Given, C.W., Given, B., Schulz, R., Prince, J., Bender, C., Boele, F. & Marsland, A.  (2016). Neuro-oncology family caregivers are at risk for systemic inflammation.  Journal of Neuro-Oncology, 128(1), 109-118.

Stahl, S.T., Arnold, A.M., Chen, J., Anderson, S., & Schulz, R. (2016). Mortality after bereavement: The role of cardiovascular disease and depression. Psychosomatic Medicine, 78(6), 697-703. PMID: 26894326. PMCID: PMC4927386. doi: 10.1097/PSY.0000000000000317.

Steel, J., Kim, K., Geller, D., Butterfield, L., Spring, M., Grady, J., Sun, W., Marsh, W., Antoni, M., Dew, M.A., Helgeson, V., Schulz, R., & Tsung, A. (2016).  Web-based collaborative care intervention to manage cancer-related symptoms in the palliative care setting. Cancer, 122(8), 1270-1282. PMID: 26970434. PMCID: PMC4828258. doi: 10.1002/cncr.29906.

Zeleníková, R., Ren, D., Schulz, R., Given, B., & Sherwood, P. (2016).  Symptoms as the main predictors of caregivers´ perception of the suffering of patients with primary malignant brain tumors. Cancer Nursing Journal, 39(2), 97-105. PMID: 25881804.

Cheung, K.S., Lau, B.H., Wong, P.W., Leung, A.Y., Lou, V.W., Chan, G.M., & Schulz, R.  (2015). Multicomponent intervention on enhancing dementia caregiver well-being and reducing behavioral problems among Hong Kong Chinese: A translational study based on REACH II.  International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 30(5), 460-469.  PMID: 25043378.  doi: 10.1002/gps.4160

Glynn, N.W., Santanasto, A.J., Simonsick, E.M., Boudreau, R.M., Beach, S.R., Schulz, R., & Newman, A.B. (2015). The Pittsburgh Fatigability Scale for older adults: Development and validation.  Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 63(1), 130-135. PMID: 25556993.  doi: 10.1111/jgs.13191.

Matthews, J.T., Lingler, J.H., Campbell, G.B., Hunsaker, A.E., Hu, L., Pires, B.R., Hebert, M., & Schulz, R.  (2015). Usability of a wearable camera system for dementia family caregivers. Journal of Healthcare Engineering, 6(2), 213-238. PMID: 26288888. PMCID: PMC4545579.

Monin, J.K., Levy, B., Chen, B., Fried, T., Stahl, S.T., Schulz, R., Doyle, M., Kershaw, T. (2015). Husbands’ and wives’ physical activity and depressive symptoms: Longitudinal findings from the Cardiovascular Health Study. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 49(5), 704-714. PMID: 25868508. PMCID: PMC4561211.  doi: 10.1007/s12160-015-9705-4.

Monin, J.K., Schulz, R., Feeney, B.C.  (2015). Compassionate love in individuals with Alzheimer’s disease and their spousal caregivers: Associations with caregivers’ psychological health.  The Gerontologist, 55(6), 981-989.  PMID: 24534607. PMCID: PMC4668762. doi: 10.1093/geront/gnu001

Onstein, K.A., Boerner, K., Siu, A.L., & Schulz, R.  (2015). Downstream effects of end-of-life care for older adults with serious illness on health care utilization of family caregivers.  Journal of Palliative Medicine, 18(9), 736-737.  PMID: 26226321. PMCID: PMC4696436.  doi: 10.1089/jpm.2015.0165.

Schulz, R., Boerner, K., Klinger, J., & Rosen, J.  (2015). Preparedness for death and adjustment to bereavement among caregivers of recently placed nursing home residents. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 18(2), 127-133. PMID: 25469737. PMCID: PMC4308821. doi: 10.1089/jpm.2014.0309.

Schulz, R., Wahl, H., Matthews, J.T., De Vito Dabbs, A., Beach, S.R., & Czaja, S.J.  (2015). Advancing the aging and technology agenda in gerontology.  The Gerontologist, 55(5), 724-734.  PMID: 25165042.  PMCID: PMC4592332. doi:10.1093/geront/gnu071.

Taylor, B.J., Irish, L.A., Martire, L.M., Siegle, G.J., Krafty, R.T., Schulz, R., & Hall, M.  (2015). Avoidant coping and poor sleep efficiency in dementia caregivers.  Psychosomatic Medicine, 77(9), 1050-1057. PMID: 26458234.  PMCID: PMC4643353. doi: 10.1097/PSY.0000000000000237.

Thorpe, J.M., Thorpe, C.T., Schulz R., Van Houtven, C.H., & Schleiden, L. (2015). Informal caregiver disability and access to preventive care in care recipients. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 49(3), 370-379. PMID: 26091932. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2015.02.003

Beach, S.R., Schulz, R., Matthews, J.T., Courtney, K., & Dabbs, A.D.  (2014). Preferences for technology versus human assistance and control over technology in the performance of kitchen and personal care tasks in baby boomers and older adults.  Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, 9(6), 474-486.  PMID: 23992428.  doi:10.3109/17483107.2013.832412

Choi, J., Hoffman, L.A., Schulz, R., Tate, J.A., Donahoe, M.P., Ren, D., Given, B., & Sherwood, P.R.  (2014). Self-reported physical symptoms in intensive care unit (ICU) survivors: Pilot exploration over four months post-ICU discharge.  Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 47(2), 257-270.  PMID: 23856099.  PMCID: PMC3800224.

Choi, J., Tate, J.A., Hoffman, L.A., Schulz, R., Ren, D., Donahoe, M.P., Given, B.A., & Sherwood, P.R.  (2014). Fatigue in family caregivers of adult intensive care unit survivors. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 48(3), 353-363.  PMID: 24439845. PMCID: PMC4101057.  doi: 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2013.09.018

Gere, J., Martire, L.M., Keefe, F.J., Stephens, M.A., & Schulz, R.  (2014).  Spouse confidence in self-efficacy for arthritis management predicts improved patient health.  Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 48(3), 337-346.  PMID: 24604529.  PMCID: PMC4331068.  doi: 10.1007/s12160-014-9608-9

Lokkerbol, J., Adema, D., Cuijpers, P., Reynolds, C.F., Schulz, R., Weehuizen, R., & Smit, F.  (2014). Improving the cost-effectiveness of a healthcare system for depressive disorders by implementing telemedicine: A health economic modeling study.  American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 22(3), 253-262.  PMID: 23759290.  PMCID: PMC4096928  doi: 10.1016/j.jagp.2013.01.058

Monin, J.K., Schulz, R., Martire, L.M., Connelly, D., & Czaja, S.J. (2014). The personal importance of being independent: Associations with changes in disability and depressive symptoms.  Rehabilitation Psychology, 59(1), 35-41. PMID: 24320943. PMCID: PMC4046637.

Rodakowski, J., Schulz, R., Gentry, A., Garand, L., & Lingler, J.H.  (2014). Attribution of mild cognitive impairment etiology in individuals with mild cognitive impairment and their care-partners.  International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 29(5), 464-469.  PMID: 24123240.  PMCID: PMC3969871.

Schulz, R., Beach, S.R., Matthews, J.T., Courtney, K., Devito Dabbs, A., Person Mecca, L., & Sankey, S.  (2014). Willingness to pay for quality of life technologies to enhance independent functioning among baby boomers and the elderly.  The Gerontologist, 54(3), 363-374.  PMID: 23528289.

Schulz, R., Rosen, J., Klinger, J., Musa, D., Castle, N.G., Kane, A.L., & Lustig, A.  (2014). Effects of a psychosocial intervention on caregivers of recently placed nursing home residents: A randomized controlled trial.  Clinical Gerontologist, 37(4), 347-367. PMID: 25071302. PMCID: PMC4111253. doi: 10.1080/07317115.2014.907594

Stahl, S.T., & Schulz, R.  (2014). Changes in routine health behaviors following late-life bereavement: A systematic review.  Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 37(4), 736-755.  PMID: 23881308. PMCID: PMC4197803.   doi: 10.1007/s10865-013-9524-7.

Stahl, S.T., & Schulz, R.  (2014). The effect of widowhood on husbands’ and wives’ physical activity: The Cardiovascular Health Study.  Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 37(4), 806-817.  PMID: 23975417.  PMCID: PMC3932151.  doi: 10.1007/s10865-013-9532-7.

Choi, J., Hoffman, L.A., Schulz, R., Ren, D., Donahoe, M.P., Given, B., & Sherwood, P. R.  (2013). Health risk behaviors in family caregivers during patients’ stay in intensive care units: A pilot analysis.  American Journal of Critical Care, 22(1), 41-45. PMID: 23283087. PMCID: PMC4109809. doi:  10.4037/ajcc2013830

Courtney, K.L., Jiang, Y., Beach, S.R., Matthews, J.T., & Schulz, R.  (2013). Clinician variations in data trust and use.  Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 183, 189-194. PMID: 23388280.

Czaja, S.J., Loewenstein, D., Schulz, R., Nair, S.N., & Perdomo, D.  (2013). A videophone psychosocial intervention for dementia caregivers.  American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 21(11), 1071-1081.  PMID: 23831174.

Groffen, D., Koster, A., Bosma, H., van den Akker, M., Kempen, G., van Eijk, J., van Gool, C., Penninx, B., Harris, T., Rubin, S., Pahor, M., Schulz, R., et al.  (2013).  Unhealthy lifestyles do not mediate the relationship between socioeconomic status and incident depressive symptoms: The Health ABC study.  American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 21(7), 664-674. PMID: 22510729.  PMCID: PMC3402597.

Heckhausen, J., Wrosch, C., & Schulz, R.  (2013). A lines of defense model for managing health threats.  Gerontology, 59(5), 438-447.  PMID: 23816691. PMCID: PMC3839100.

Jiang, Y., Terhorst, L., Donovan, H.S., Weiner, J.M., Choi, C.J., Schulz, R., Given, B., & Sherwood, P.  (2013). Locke-Wallace short marital-adjustment test: Psychometric evaluation in caregivers for persons with primary malignant brain tumor.  Journal of Nursing Measurement, 21(3), 502-515. PMID: 24620520.  PMCID: PMC3997991.

Kim, Y., Carver, C.S., Schulz, R., Lucette, A., & Cannady, R.S.  (2013). Finding benefit in bereavement among family cancer caregivers.  Journal of Palliative Medicine, 16(9), 1040-1047.  PMID: 23905875.

Martire, L.M., Keefe, F.J., Schulz, R., Stephens, M.A.P., & Mogle, J.A. (2013). The impact of daily arthritis pain on spouse sleep.  Pain, 154(9), 1725-1731.  PMID: 23953126.  PMCID: PMC3748393.

Martire, L.M., Stephens, M.A.P., Mogle, J.A., Schulz, R., Brach, J., & Keefe, F.J.  (2013). Daily spousal influence on physical activity in knee osteoarthritis.  Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 45(2), 213-223.  PMID: 23161472.  PMCID: PMC3594506.

Monin, J.K., Schulz, R., & Kershaw, T.S.  (2013). Caregiving spouses’ attachment orientations and the physical and psychological health of individuals with Alzheimer’s disease.  Aging and Mental Health, 17(4), 508-516.  PMID: 23215899.  PMCID: PMC3596494.

Newberry, A., Choi, C.J., Donovan, H., Schulz, R., Bender, C., Given, B., & Sherwood, P. (2013).  Exploring spirituality in family caregivers of patients with primary malignant brain tumors across the disease trajectory.  Oncology Nursing Forum, 40(3), E119-125.  PMID: 23615145.  PMCID: PMC3880559.

Rodakowski, J., Skidmore, E.R., Rogers, J.C., & Schulz, R.  (2013). Does social support impact depression in caregivers of adults ageing with spinal cord injuries?  Clinical Rehabilitation, 27(6), 565-575.  PMID: 23117350. PMCID: PMC3660537.

Schulz, R.  (2013). Research priorities in geriatric palliative care: informal caregiving.  Journal of Palliative Medicine, 16(9), 1008-1112.  PMID: 23883146.  PMCID: PMC3776612.

Schulz, R., Cook, T.B., Beach, S.R., Lingler, J.H., Martire, L.M., Monin, J.K., & Czaja, S.J.  (2013). Magnitude and causes of bias among family caregivers rating Alzheimer’s Disease patients.  American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 21(1), 14-25.   PMID: 22237250. PMCID: PMC3330137.

Wilson, S.J., Martire, L.M., Keefe, F.J., Mogle, J.A., Stephens, M.P., & Schulz, R.  (2013). Daily verbal and nonverbal expression of osteoarthritis pain and spouse responses.  Pain, 154(10), 2045-2053.  PMID: 23791895.  PMCID: PMC3778108.

Choi, C.W., Stone, R.A., Kim, K.H., Ren, D., Schulz, R., Given, B.A., & Sherwood, P.R.  (2012). Group-based trajectory modeling of caregiver psychological distress over time.  Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 44(1), 73-84.  PMID: 22585179.  PMCID: PMC3880564.

Choi, C.W., Sherwood, P.R., Schulz, R., Ren, D., Donahoe, M.P., Given, B., & Hoffman, L.A. (2012).  Patterns of depressive symptoms in caregivers of mechanically ventilated critically ill adults from ICU admission to two months post-ICU discharge: A Pilot Study. Critical Care Medicine, 40(5), 1546-1553. PMID: 22430242. PMCID: PMC3330166.

Garand, L., Lingler, J.H., Deardorf, K., Reynolds, C.F. III, DeKosky, S.T., Schulz, R., & Dew, M.A.  (2012). Anticipatory grief in new family caregivers of persons with mild cognitive impairment and dementia.  Alzheimer Disease & Associated Disorders, 26, 159-165. PMID: 21946013.  PMCID: PMC3251637.

Joling, K.J., Smit, F., van Marwijk, H.W.J., van der Horst, H.E., Scheltens, P., Schulz, R., & van Hout, H.P.J.  (2012). Identifying target groups for the prevention of depression among caregivers of dementia patients.  International Psychogeriatrics, 24(2), 298-306.  PMID: 21880175. PMCID: PMC4104488. doi:  10.1017/S1041610211001633

Monin, J., Feeney, B., & Schulz, R.  (2012). Attachment orientation and reactions to anxiety expression in close relationships.  Personal Relationships, 19, 535-550.

Monin, J.K., Schulz, R., Lemay, E.P., Jr., & Cook, T.B. (2012).  Linguistic markers of emotion regulation and cardiovascular reactivity among older caregiving spouses.  Psychology and Aging, 27(4), 903-911. PMID: 22369634.  PMCID: PMC3938912.

Morse, J.Q., Shaffer, D.R., Williamson, G.M., Dooley, W.K., & Schulz, R.  (2012). Models of self and others and their relation to positive and negative caregiving responses.  Psychology  and Aging, 27(1), 211-218.  PMID: 21604890.  PMCID: PMC3192310.

Myaskovsky, L., Posluszny, D.M., Schulz, R., DiMartini, A.F., Switzer, G.E., Dabbs, A.D., McNulty, M.L., Kormos, R.L., Toyoda, Y., & Dew, M.A.  (2012). Predictors and outcomes of health related quality of life in caregivers of cardiothoracic transplant recipients. American Journal of Transplantation, 12(12), 3387-3397.  PMID: 22958758.  PMCID: PMC3513563.

Newberry, A., Kuo, J., Donovan, H., Given, B., Given, C.W., Schulz, R., & Sherwood, P.  (2012). Identifying Family Members who are Likely to Perceive Benefits from Providing Care to a Person with a Primary Malignant Brain Tumor.  Oncology Nursing Forum, 39(3), E226-232.  PMID: 22543393.  PMCID: PMC3384490.

Rodakowski, J., Skidmore, E.R., Rogers, J.C., & Schulz, R.  (2012).  Role of social support in predicting caregiver burden.  Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 93, 2229-2236.  PMID: 22824248. PMCID: PMC3508254.

Schulz, R., Beach, S.R., Cook, T.B., Martire, L.M., Tomlinson, J.M., & Monin, J.K.  (2012). Predictors and consequences of perceived lack of choice in becoming an informal caregiver.  Journal of Aging and Mental Health, 16(6), 712-721.  PMID: 22360296. PMCID: PMC3371285.

Schulz, R., Beach, S.R., Matthews, J.T., Courtney, K.L., & De Vito Dabbs, A.J. (2012).  Designing and evaluating quality of life technologies: An interdisciplinary approach.  Proceedings of the IEEE, 100(8), 2397-2409.

Thorpe, J.M., Thorpe, C.T., Kennelty, K.A., Gellad, W.A., & Schulz, R.  (2012). The impact of family caregivers on potentially inappropriate medication use in non-institutionalized older adults with dementia.  The American Journal of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy, 10(4), 230-241.  PMID: 22683399.  PMCID: PMC3413778.

Wallace, M.L., Dombrovski, A.Y., Morse, J.Q., Houck, P.R., Frank, E., Alexopoulos, G.S., Reynolds III, C.F., & Schulz, R.  (2012). Coping with health stresses and remission from late-life depression in primary care: A two-year prospective study.  International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 27(2), 178-186.  PMID: 21452177.  PMCID: PMC3184468.

Martire, L.M., Stephens, M.A., & Schulz, R.  (2011). Independence centrality as a moderator of the effects of spousal support on patient well-being and physical functioning.  Health Psychology, 30(5), 651-655.  PMID: 21534676. PMCID: PMC4100220. doi:  10.1037/a0023006

Smith, G.R., Williamson, G.M., Miller, L. S., & Schulz, R. (2011). Depression and quality of informal care: A longitudinal investigation of caregiving stressors.  Psychology and Aging, 26(3), 584-591.   PMID: 21417536.  PMCID: PMC3168695.

Steel, J.L., Geller, D.A., Tsung, A., Marsh, J.W., Dew, M.A., Spring, M., Grady, J., Likumahuwa, S., Dunlavy, A., Youssef, M., Antoni, M., Butterfield, L.H., Schulz, R., Day, R., Helgeson, V., Kim, K.H., & Gamblin, T.C.  (2011).  Randomized controlled trial of a collaborative care intervention to manage cancer-related symptoms: Lessons learned. Clinical Trials, 8, 298-310.  PMID: 2130078.  PMCID: PMC3404514.

Beach, S.R., Schulz, R., Castle, N.G., & Rosen, J.  (2010).  Financial exploitation and psychological mistreatment among older adults: Differences between African Americans and Non-African Americans in a population-based survey.  The Gerontologist, 50(6), 744-757.  PMID: 20650947.  PMCID: PMC3003550.

Beach, S.R., Schulz, R., Degenholtz, H.B., Castle, N.G., Rosen, J., Fox, A.R., Meisel, A., & Morycz, R.K.  (2010).   Using audio computer-assisted self-interviewing and interactive voice response to measure elder mistreatment in older adults: Feasibility and effects on prevalence estimates.  Journal of Official Statistics, 26(3), 507-533.   PMID: 21113391.  PMCID: PMC 2990982.

Courtney, K.L., Lingler, J.H., Person Mecca, L., Garlock, L.A., Schulz, R., Dick, A.W., & Olshansky, E. (2010).  Initial impressions of community-dwelling older adults and case managers about community-based telehealth kiosks. Research in Gerontological Nursing, 3(4), 235-239. PMID: 20509594. PMCID: PMC2932811.

Heckhausen, J., Wrosch, C., & Schulz, R.  (2010). A motivational theory of lifespan development.  Psychological Review, 117(1), 32-60.  PMID: 20063963.  PMCID: PMC2820305.

Kop, W.J., Stein, P.K., Tracy, R.P., Barzilay, J.I., Schulz, R., & Gottdiener, J.S. (2010).  Autonomic nervous system dysfunction and inflammation contribute to the increased cardiovascular mortality risk associated with depression.  Psychosomatic Medicine, 72(7), 626-635.  PMID: 20639389.  PMCID: PMC 3059072.

Lee, C.C., Czaja, S.J., & Schulz, R.  (2010). The moderating influence of demographic characteristics, social support, and religious coping on the effectiveness of a multi-component psycho-social caregiver intervention in three racial/ethnic groups.  The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences, 65B(2), 185-194. PMID: 20056684.  PMCID: PMC2821943.

Martire, L.M., Schulz, R., Helgeson, V.S., Small, B.J., & Saghafi, E. (2010).  Review and meta-analysis of couple-oriented interventions for chronic illness.  Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 40, 325-342.  PMID: 20697859. PMC4101802.  doi:  10.1007/s12160-010-9216-2

Martire, L.M., Schulz, R., Reynolds III, C.F., Karp, J.F., Gildengers, A.G., & Whyte, E.M.  (2010). Treatment of late-life depression alleviates caregiver burden.  Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 58(1), 23-29.  PMID: 19943833.  PMCID: PMC2872092.

Matthews, J.T., Beach, S.R., Downs, J., Bruine de Bruin, W., Mecca, L.P., & Schulz, R.  (2010).  Preferences and concerns for quality of life technology among older adults and persons with disabilities: National survey results.  Technology and Disability, 22(1-2), 5-15.

Monin, J.K., & Schulz, R. (2010).  The effects of suffering in chronically ill older adults on the health and well-being of family members involved in their care: The role of emotion-related processes.  GeroPsych, 23(4), 207-213. PMID: 21731560.  PMCID: PMC3124825.

Monin, J.K., Schulz, R., Feeney, B.C., & Cook, T.B.  (2010). Attachment insecurity and perceived partner suffering as predictors of personal distress.  Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46, 1143-1147.  PMID: 21057662.  PMCID: PMC2968751.

Monin, J.K., Schulz, R., Martire, L.M., Jennings, J.R., Lingler, J.H., & Greenberg, M.S.  (2010). Spouses’ cardiovascular reactivity to their partners’ suffering. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences, 65B(2), 195-201.  PMID: 20067977.  PMCID: PMC2821945.

Schulz, R., Czaja, S.J., McKay, J.R., Ory, M.G., & Belle, S.H.  (2010). Intervention Taxonomy (ITAX): Describing Essential Features of Interventions.  American Journal of Health Behavior, Nov-Dec 34(6), 811-821.  PMID: 20604704.  PMCID: PMC2900778.

Schulz, R., Monin, J.K., Czaja, S.J., Lingler, J., Beach, S.R., Martire, L.M., Dodds, A., Hebert, R., Zdaniuk, B., & Cook, T.B.  (2010).  Measuring the experience and perception of suffering.  The Gerontologist, 50(6), 774-784.  PMID: 20478899.  PMCID: PMC3003549.

Schulz, R., Zdaniuk, B., Belle, S.H., Czaja, S.J., Arrighi, H.M., & Zbrozek, A.S.  (2010). Baseline differences and trajectories of change for deceased, placed, and community residing Alzheimer’s disease patients.  Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders, 24(2), 143-150. PMID: 20505432.  PMCID: PMC2879087.

Van Pelt, D.C., Schulz, R., Chelluri, L., & Pinsky, M.R.  (2010). Patient specific, time varying predictors of post-ICU informal caregiver burden.  CHEST, 137(1), 88-94.  PMID: 19762552.  PMCID: PMC2803119.

Beach, S., Schulz, R., Downs, J., Matthews, J., Barron, B., & Seelman, K.  (2009). Disability, age, and informational privacy attitudes in quality of life technology applications: Results from a national web survey.  ACM Transitions on Accessible Computing, 2(1), Article 5, 1-21.

Boerner, K. & Schulz, R.  (2009).  Caregiving, bereavement and complicated grief.  Bereavement Care, 28(3), 10-13.  PMID: 20463850.  PMCID: PMC2867460.

Brown, S.L., Smith, D.M., Schulz, R., Kabeto, M.U., Ubel, P.A., Poulin, M., Yi, J., Kim, C., & Langa, K.M.  (2009). Caregiving behavior is associated with decreased mortality risk.  Psychological Science, 20(4), 488-494.  PMID: 19320860.  PMCID: PMC2865652.

Castle, N.G., Ferguson, J.C., & Schulz, R.  (2009). Aging-friendly health and long-term-care services.  Generations, 33(2), 44-50.

Cruz, M., Schulz, R., Pincus, H.A., Houck, P.R., Bensasi, S., & Reynolds C.F. III.  (2009).  The association of public and private religious involvement with severity of depression and hopelessness in older adults treated for major depression.  American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 17(6), 503-507.  PMID: 19461258. PMCID: PMC2744951.

Czaja, S.J., Gitlin, L.N., Schulz, R., Zhang, S., Burgio, L.D., Stevens, A.B., Nichols, L.O., & Gallagher-Thompson, D.  (2009). Development of the risk appraisal measure: A brief screen to identify risk areas and guide interventions for dementia caregivers.  Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 57(6), 1064-1072.  PMID: 19453305.  PMCID: PMC2722069.

Hebert, R.S., Schulz, R., Copeland, V.C., & Arnold, R.M.  (2009). Pilot testing of a question prompt sheet to encourage family caregivers of cancer patients and physicians to discuss end-of-life issues. The American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care, 26(1), 24-32. PMID: 18843134.

Hebert, R.S., Schulz, R., Copeland, V., & Arnold, R.M.  (2009). Preparing family caregivers for death and bereavement.  Insights from caregivers of terminally ill patients. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 37(1), 3-12.  PMID: 18538977.

Hebert, R.S., Zdaniuk, B., Schulz, R., & Scheier, M.F. (2009). Positive and negative religious coping and well-being in women with breast cancer.  Journal of Palliative Medicine, 12(6), 537-545. PMID: 19508140.  PMCID: PMC2789454.

Lingler, J.H., Martire, L.M., Hunsaker, A.E., Greene, M.G., Dew, M.A., & Schulz, R.  (2009). Feasibility of a patient-driven approach to recruiting older adults, caregivers, and clinicians for provider-patient communication research.  Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 21, 377-383. PMID: 19594656. PMCID: PMC2796573.

Martire, L.M., Hinrichsen, G.A., Morse, J.Q., Reynolds III, C.F., Gildengers, A.G., Mulsant, B.H., Schulz, R., Frank, E., & Kupfer, D.J. (2009). The Mood Disorder Burden Index: A scale for assessing the burden of caregivers to adults with unipolar or bipolar disorder. Psychiatry Research, 168(1), 67-77.  PMID: 19427705.  PMCID: PMC2727157.

Monin, J.K., Martire, L.M., Schulz, R. & Clark., M.S. (2009).  Willingness to express emotions to caregiving spouses. Emotion, 9(1), 101-106. PMID: 19186921. PMCID: PMC2791507.

Monin, J.K. & Schulz, R.  (2009). Interpersonal effects of suffering in older adult caregiving relationships.  Psychology and Aging, 24(3), 681-695.  PMID: 19739924.  PMCID: PMC2765123.

Musa, D., Schulz, R., Harris, R., Silverman, M., & Thomas, S.B.  (2009). Trust in the health care system and use of preventive health services by black and white older adults.  American Journal of Public Health, 99(7), 1293-1299.  PMID: 18923129. PMCID: PMC2696665.

Pressman, S.D., Matthews, K.A., Cohen, S., Martire, L.M., Scheier, M., Baum, A., & Schulz, R.  (2009). The association of enjoyable leisure activities with psychological and physical well-being.  Psychosomatic Medicine, 71(7), 725-732.  PMID: 19592515.  PMCID: PMC2863117.

Schmidt, K.L., Lingler, J.H., & Schulz, R.  (2009). Verbal communication among Alzheimer’s disease patients, their caregivers, and primary care physicians during primary care office visits.  Patient Education and Counseling, 77, 197-201. PMID: 19395224.  PMCID: PMC2839539.

Schulz, R., Beach S.R., Hebert, R., Martire, L.M., Monin, J.K, Tompkins, C.A., & Albert, S.M.  (2009). Spousal suffering and partner’s depression and cardiovascular disease: The Cardiovascular Health Study.  American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 17(3), 246-254. PMID: 19454851. PMCID: PMC2697395.

Schulz, R., Czaja, S.J., Lustig, A., Zdaniuk, B., Martire, L.M., & Perdomo, D.  (2009). Improving the quality of life of caregivers of persons with spinal cord injury: A randomized controlled Trial.  Rehabilitation Psychology, 54(1), 1-15. PMID: 19618698. PMCID: PMC2729464.

Spencer, S. M., Schulz, R., Rooks, R.N., Albert, S.M., Thorpe, Jr., R.J., Brenes, G.A., Harris, T.B., Koster, A., Satterfield, S., Ayonayon, H.N., & Newman, A.B. (2009). Racial differences in self-rated health at similar levels of physical functioning:  An examination of health pessimism in the Health, Aging and Body Composition Study. Journals of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 64(1), 87-94.  PMID: 19176485.  PMCID: PMC2654984.

Wrosch, C., Miller, G.E., & Schulz, R.  (2009). Cortisol secretion and functional disabilities in old age: The importance of using adaptive control strategies. Psychosomatic Medicine, 71(9), 996-1003.  PMID: 19875635. PMCID: PMC2791527.

Hebert, R.S., Copeland, V., Schulz, R., Amato, C., & Arnold, R.M.  (2008). Preparing family caregivers for the death of a loved one: Implications for hospital social workers. Journal of Social Work in End-of-Life & Palliative Care, 4(4), 269-285.

Hebert, R.S., Schulz, R., Copeland, V., & Arnold, R.M.  (2008). What questions do family caregivers want to discuss with healthcare providers in order to prepare for the death of a love one? An ethnographic study of caregivers of patients at end of life. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 11(3), 476-483.  PMID: 18363491.

Kim, Y., & Schulz, R.  (2008). Family caregivers’ strains: Comparative analysis of cancer caregiving with dementia, diabetes, and frail elderly caregiving.  Journal of Aging and Health, 20(5), 483-503. PMID: 18420838.

Lingler, J.H., Hirschman, K.B., Garand, L., Dew, M.A., Becker, J.T., Schulz, R., & DeKosky, S.T. (2008). Frequency and correlates of advance planning among cognitively impaired older adults.  American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 16(8), 643-649.  PMID: 18669942.  PMCID: PMC2758353.

Martire, L.M., Schulz, R., Keefe, F.J., Rudy, T.E., & Starz, T.W. (2008). Couple-oriented education and support intervention for osteoarthritis: Effects on spouses’ support and responses to patient pain. Families, Systems & Health, 26(2), 185-195. PMID: 19946460. PMCID: PMC2783596.

Martire, L.M., Schulz, R., Reynolds, C.F., Morse, J.Q., Butters, M.A., & Hinrichsen, G.A. (2008). Impact of close family members on older adults’ early response to depression treatment.  Psychology and Aging, 23(2), 447-452. PMID: 18573018. PMCID: PMC2788400.

Schulz, R., Hebert, R., & Boerner, K.  (2008). Bereavement after caregiving.  Geriatrics, 63(10), 20-2. PMID: 18257616.  PMCID: PMC2790185.

Schulz, R., McGinnis, K.A., Zhang, S., Martire, L.M., Hebert, R.S., Beach, S.R., Zdaniuk, B., Czaja, S.J., & Belle, S.H.  (April/June 2008).  Dementia patient suffering and caregiver depression.  Alzheimer Disease & Associated Disorders, 22(2), 170-176. PMID: 18525290. PMCID: PMC2782456.

Schulz, R., & Sherwood, P.  (2008).  Physical and mental health effects of family caregiving.  American Journal of Nursing, 108(9-Supplement), 23-27.  PMID: 18797217.  PMCID: PMC2791523.

Sherwood, P., Given, B., Donovan, H., Given, C.W., Baum, A., Bender, C.M. & Schulz, R.  (2008). Guiding research in family care: A new approach to oncology caregiving.  Psych-Oncology, 17, 986-996. PMID: 18203244.

Wrosch, C., & Schulz, R.  (2008). Health engagement control strategies and 2-year changes in older adults’ physical health.  Psychological Science, 19(6), 537-541. PMID: 18578842.  PMCID: PMC2789456.

Finkel, S., Czaja, S.J., Schulz, R., Martinovich, Z., Harris, C., & Pezzuto, D.  (2007). E-Care: A telecommunications technology intervention for family caregivers of dementia patients.  American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 15, 443-448.  PMID: 17463195.

Hebert, R.S., Arnold, R.M., & Schulz, R. (2007).  Improving well-being in caregivers of terminally ill patients. Making the case for patient suffering as a focus for intervention research.  Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 34(5), 539-546. PMID: 17616333. PMCID: PMC2195548.

Hebert, R.S., Dang, Q., & Schulz, R. (2007). Religious beliefs and practices are associated with better mental health in family caregivers of patients with dementia: Findings from the REACH study.  American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 15(4), 292-300.  PMID: 17158632.

Kim, Y., Schulz, R., & Carver, C.S.  (2007). Benefit finding in the cancer caregiving experience.  Psychosomatic Medicine, 69, 283-291. PMID: 17420443.

Martire, L.M. & Schulz, R.  (2007). Involving family in psychosocial interventions for chronic illness.  Current Directions in Psychological Science, 16(2), 90-94.

Martire, L.M., Schulz, R., Keefe, F.J., Rudy, T.E., & Starz, T.W.  (2007). Couple-oriented education and support intervention: Effects on individuals with osteoarthritis and their spouses.  Rehabilitation Psychology, 52(2), 121-132.

Mausbach, B.T., Patterson, T.L., Rabinowitz, Y.G., Grant, I., & Schulz, R.  (2007). Depression and distress predict time to cardiovascular disease in dementia caregivers.  Health Psychology, 26(5), 539-544.  PMID: 17845105.

Nordstrom, C.K., Diez Roux, A.V., Schulz, R., Haan, M.N., Jackson, S.A., & Balfour, J.L.  (2007). Socioeconomic position and incident mobility impairment in the Cardiovascular Health Study.  BMC Geriatrics, 7(11), 1-8.  PMID: 17493275. PMCID: PMC1884157.

Scheier, M., Helgeson, V., Schulz, R., Colvin, S., Berga, S., Knapp, J., & Gerszten, K.  (2007). Moderators of interventions designed to enhance physical and psychological functioning among younger women with early stage breast cancer.  Journal of Clinical Oncology, 25(36), 5710-5714. PMID: 17998547.

Schulz, R., Hebert, R.S., Dew, M.A., Brown, S.L., Scheier, M.F., Beach, S.R., Czaja, S.J., Martire, L.M., Coon, D., Langa, K.M.,  Gitlin, L.N., Stevens, A.B., Nichols, L.  (2007).  Patient suffering and caregiver compassion:  New opportunities for research, practice, and policy.  The Gerontologist, 47(1), 4-13.  PMID: 17327535.

Van Pelt, D.C., Milbrandt, E.B., Qin, L., Weissfeld, L.A., Rotondi, A.J., Schulz, R., Chelluri, L., Angus, D.C., & Pinsky, M.R.  (2007).  Informal caregiver burden among survivors of prolonged mechanical ventilation.  American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 175(2), 167-173. PMID: 17068327.  PMCID: PMC1899280.

Wrosch, C., Schulz, R., Miller, G., Lupien, S., & Dunne, E.  (2007). Physical health problems, depressive mood, and Cortisol secretion in old age: Buffer effects of health engagement control strategies.  Health Psychology, 26(3), 341-349.  PMID: 17500621.

Czaja, S.J, & Schulz, R., Guest Editors.  (2006).  Technology innovations and aging.  Generations, XXX(2).

Czaja, S.J., Schulz, R., Belle, S.H., Burgio, L.D., Armstrong, N., Gitlin, L.N., Coon, D.W., Martindale-Adams, J., Klinger, J., & Stahl, S.M.  (2006).  Data and safety monitoring in social behavioral intervention trials: The REACH II experience.  Clinical Trials, 3, 107-118.  PMCID: PMC1484572.

Gitlin, L., Hauck, W., Winter, L., Dennis, M., & Schulz, R.  (2006). Effect of an in-home occupational and physical therapy intervention on reducing mortality in functionally vulnerable elders: Preliminary findings.  Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 54, 950-955.

Hebert, R.S., Dang, Q., & Schulz, R. (2006).  Preparedness for the death of a loved one and mental health in bereaved caregivers of patients with dementia: Findings from the REACH study. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 9(3), 683-693.

Hebert, R.S., Koenig, H.G., Arnold, R.M., & Schulz, R.  (2006).  Caregiver intervention research. An opportunity for collaboration between caregiving investigators and African American faith communities.  Journal of the National Medical Association, 98(9), 1510-1514. PMCID: PMC2569709.

Hebert, R.S., Prigerson, H.G., Schulz, R., & Arnold, R.M.  (2006). Preparing Caregivers for the Death of a Loved One: A Theoretical Framework and Suggestions for Future Research. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 9(5), 1164-1171.

Hebert, R.S., & Schulz, R. (2006).  Caregiving at End-of-Life. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 9(5), 1174-1187.

Hebert, R.S., Weinstein, E., Martire, L.M., & Schulz, R. (2006).  Religion, spirituality and the well-being of informal caregivers: A review, critique, and research prospectus. Aging and Mental Health, 10(5), 1-24.

Lingler, J.H., Martire, L.M., & Schulz, R.  (2006). Letter to Editor: Mortality after the hospitalization of a spouse.  New England Journal of Medicine, 354(20), 2190.

Lingler, J.H., Nightingale, M.C., Erlen, J.A., Kane A., Reynolds, C. F., Schulz, R., & DeKosky, S.T.  (2006). Making sense of mild cognitive impairment: A qualitative exploration of the patient’s experience.  The Gerontologist, 46(6), 791-800.

Lingler, J.H., Parker, L.S., DeKosky, S.T., & Schulz, R.  (2006). Caregivers as subjects of clinical drug trials: a review of research ethics practices in published studies of Alzheimer’s pharmacotherapies.  IRB: Ethics & Human Research, 28(3), 11-18.

Martire, L.M., Keefe, F.J., Schulz, R., Ready, R., Beach, S.R., Rudy, T.E., & Starz, T.W.  (2006). Older spouses’ perceptions of partners’ chronic arthritis pain: Implications for spousal responses, support provision & caregiving experiences. Psychology and Aging, 21(2), 222-230.

McGinnis, K.A., Schulz, R., Stone, R.A., Klinger, J., Mercurio, R.  (2006). Concordance of race or ethnicity of interventionists and caregivers of dementia patients: Relationship to attrition and treatment outcomes in the REACH study.  The Gerontologist, 46(4), 449-455.

Miller, L.S., Lewis, M.S., Williamson, G.M., Lance, C.E., Dooley, W.K., Schulz, R., & Weiner, M.F.  (2006). Caregiver cognitive status and potentially harmful caregiver behavior.  Aging & Mental Health, 10(2), 125-133.

Mitrani, V.B., Lewis, J., Feaster, D.J., Czaja, S.J., Eisdorfer, C., Schulz, R., & Szapocznik, J.  (2006). The role of family functioning in the stress process of dementia caregivers: A structural family framework.  The Gerontologist, 46(1), 97-105.  PMCID: PMC2424275.

Ruiz, J. M., Matthews, K. A., Scheier, M. F., & Schulz, R.  (2006).  Does who you marry matter for your health? Influence of patients’ and spouses’ personality on their partners’ psychological well-being following coronary artery bypass surgery. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 91(2), 255-267.

Scheier, M. F., Wrosch, C., Baum, A., Cohen, S., Martire, L.M., Matthews, K.A., Schulz, R., & Zdaniuk, B.  (2006). The Life Engagement Test: Assessing purpose in life.  Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 29(3), 291-298.

Schulz, R., Boerner, K., Shear, K., Zhang, S., & Gitlin, L.N.  (2006).   Predictors of complicated grief among dementia caregivers: A prospective study of bereavement.  American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 14(8), 650-658.

Schulz, R. (corresponding author for REACH II investigators).  (2006). Enhancing the quality of life of dementia caregivers from different ethnic or racial groups.  Annals of Internal Medicine, 145(10), 727-738. PMID: 17116917.  PMCID: PMC2585490.

Wrosch, C., Dunne, E., Scheier, M.F., & Schulz, R.  (2006). Self-regulation of common age-related challenges: Benefits for older adults’ psychological and physical health.  Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 29(3), 299-306.

Beach, S. R., Schulz, R., Williamson, G. M., Miller, L. S., Weiner, M. F., & Lance, C. E.  (2005). Risk factors for potentially harmful informal caregiver behavior.  Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 53, 255-261.

Lenze, E. J., Mulsant, B. H., Mohlman, J., Shear, M. K., Dew, M. A., Schulz, R., Miller, M. C., Tracey, B., & Reynolds III, C. F.  (2005). Generalized anxiety disorder in late life: Lifetime course and comorbidity with major depressive disorder.  American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 13(1), 77-80.

Lenze, E. J., Schulz, R., Martire, L. M., Zdaniuk, B., Glass, T., Kop, W. J., Jackson, S. A., & Reynolds, C. F.  (2005). The course of functional decline in persistently depressed elderly: Longitudinal findings from the Cardiovascular Health Study.  Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 53, 569-575.

Lingler, J., Martire, L. M., & Schulz, R.  (2005).  Caregiver-specific outcomes in anti-dementia clinical drug trials: A systematic review and meta-analysis.  Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 53, 983-990.

Scheier, M.F., Helgeson, V.S., Schulz, R., Colvin, S., Berga., S., Bridges, M.W., Knapp, J., Gerszten, K., & Pappert, W.S.  (2005).  Interventions to enhance physical and psychological functioning among younger women who are ending nonhormonal adjuvant treatment for early stage breast cancer.  Journal of Clinical Oncology, 23(19), 4298-4311.

Schulz, R. (2005).  Effects of bereavement on family members of AD caregivers.  ElderCare, 5(3), 1-2.

Schulz, R., Guest Editor (2005).  Dementia care and quality of life in assisted living and nursing homes.  The Gerontologist, 45(Special Issue 1).

Schulz, R., Martire, L., Klinger, J.  (2005).  Evidence-based caregiver interventions in geriatric psychiatry.  Psychiatry Clinics of North America, 28(4), 1007-1038.

Williamson, G. M., Martin-Cook, K., Weiner, M.F., Svetlik, D.A., Saine, K., Hynan, L.S., Dooley, W.K., & Schulz, R.  (2005).  Caregiver resentment: Explaining why care recipients exhibit problem behavior. Rehabilitation Psychology, 50(3), 215-223.

Zimmerman, S., Sloane, P. D., Heck, E., Maslow, K., & Schulz, R.  (2005).  Introduction: Dementia care and quality of life in assisted living and nursing homes. The Gerontologist, 45(Special Issue 1), 5–7.

Belle, S., Zhang, S., Czaja, S., Burns, R., & Schulz, R.  (2004). Use of cognitive enhancement medication in persons with Alzheimer’s Disease who have a family caregiver: Results from the Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer’s Caregiver Health (REACH) project.  American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 12(3), 250-257.

Boerner, K., Schulz, R. & Horowitz, A.  (2004).  Positive aspects of caregiving and adaptation to bereavement.  Psychology and Aging, 19(4), 668-675.

Bookwala, J., Zdaniuk, B., Burton, L., Lind, B., Jackson, S., & Schulz, R.  (2004).  Concurrent and long-term predictors of older adults’ use of community-based long-term care services.  Journal of Aging and Health, 16(1), 88-115.

Chelluri, L., Im, K. A., Belle, S. H., Schulz, R., Rotondi, A. J., Donahoe, M. P., Sirio, C. A., Mendelsohn, A.B., & Pinsky, M. R.  (2004). Long-term mortality and quality of life after prolonged mechanical ventilation.  Critical Care Medicine, 32(1), 61-69.

Diez Roux, A. V., Borrell, L. N., Haan, M., Jackson, S. A., & Schulz, R.  (2004). Neighborhood environments and mortality in an elderly cohort: Results from the Cardiovascular Health Study.  Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 58, 917-923.

Im, K.A., Belle, S. H., Schulz, R., Mendelsohn, A. B., & Chelluri, L.  (2004). Prevalence and outcomes of caregiving after prolonged (> 48 hours) mechanical ventilation (MV) in the intensive care unit (ICU).  CHEST, 125, 597-606.

Martire, L. M., Lustig, A. P., Schulz, R., Miller, G. E., & Helgeson, V. S.  (2004). Is it beneficial to involve a family member?  A meta-analytic review of psychosocial interventions for chronic illness.  Health Psychology, 23(6), 599-611.

Martire, L. M., Schulz, R., Mulsant, B. H., & Reynolds, R.  (2004). Letter to Editor: Family caregiver functioning in late-life bipolar disorder.  American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 12(3), 335-336.

Matthews, J. T., Dunbar-Jacob, J., Sereika, S., Schulz, R., & McDowell, B. J. (2004). Preventive health practices: Comparison of family caregivers 50 and older. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 30(2), 46-54.

Schulz, R. (2004).  The past and future of family caregiving research.  Contemporary Gerontology, 10(4), 139-144.

Schulz, R., Belle, S. H., Czaja, S. J., McGinnis, K. A., Stevens, A., & Zhang, S.  (2004).  Long-term care placement of dementia patients and caregiver health and well-being.  Journal of the American Medical Association, 292(8), 961-967.

Schulz, R., & Martire, L.M.  (2004). Family caregiving in persons with dementia:  Prevalence, health effects & support strategies.  American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 12(3), 240-249.

Schulz, R., & Morgan, R.E.  (2004). Promoting the caregiving of older Americans through technology: Opportunities and challenges.  Public Policy and Aging Report (Special National Conference Report- Computer-Based Technology & Caregiving for Older Adults), 14(1), 31-32.

Schulz, R., & Patterson, T.  (2004).  Editorial.  Caregiving in geriatric psychiatry.  American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 12(3), 234-237.

Schulz, R., Weiner, D., & Martire, L. M.  (2004). End-of-life care for patients with dementia (correspondence).  New England Journal of Medicine, 350, 733-734.

Wrosch, C., Schulz, R., & Heckhausen, J. (2004).  Health stresses and depressive symptomatology in the elderly: A control-process approach.  Current Directions, 13(1), 17-20.

Arean, P. A., Cook, B. L., Gallagher-Thompson, D., Hegal, M. T., Schulberg, H., & Schulz, R.  (2003). Guidelines for conducting geropsychotherapy research.  American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 11(1), 9-16.

Belle, S. H., Czaja, S. J., Schulz, R., Zhang, S., Burgio, L., Gitlin, L., Jones, R., Mendelsohn, A., & Ory, M.  (2003).  Using a new taxonomy to combine the uncombinable: Integrating results across diverse caregiving interventions.  Psychology and Aging, 18(3), 396-405.  PMCID: PMC2579277.

Burton, L. C., Zdaniuk, B., Schulz, R., Jackson, S., & Hirsch, C.   (2003). Transitions in spousal caregiving. The Gerontologist, 43(2), 230-241.

Charney, D. S., Reynolds, C. F., Lewis, L., Lebowitz, B. D., Sunderland, T., Alexopoulos, G. S.…Schulz, R., Schwenk, T. L., et al.  (2003). Depression and bipolar support alliance consensus statement on the unmet needs in diagnosis and treatment of mood disorders in late life.  Archives of General Psychiatry, 60, 664-672.

Chelluri, L., Mendelsohn, A. B., Belle, S. H., Rotondi, A. J., Angus, D. C., Donahoe, M. P., Sirio, C. A., Schulz, R., & Pinksy, M. R. (2003).  Hospital costs in patients receiving prolonged mechanical ventilation.  Does age have an impact?  Critical Care Medicine, 31, 1746-1751.

Czaja, S. J., & Schulz, R.  (2003). Does the treatment make a real difference?  The measurement of clinical significance.  Alzheimer’s Care Quarterly, 4(3), 229-240.

Czaja, S. J., Schulz, R., Lee, C. C., & Belle, S. H.  (2003). A methodology for describing and decomposing complex psychosocial and behavioral interventions.  Psychology and Aging, 18(3), 385-395.

Gitlin, L., Belle, S. H., Burgio, L., Czaja, S. J., Mahoney, D., Gallagher-Thompson, D., Burns, R., Hauck, W. W., Zhang, S., Schulz, R., & Ory, M. G.  (2003).   Effect of multicomponent interventions on caregiver burden and depression: The REACH multisite initiative at 6-month follow-up.  Psychology and Aging, 18(3), 361-374.   PMCID: PMC2583061.

Gitlin, L. N., & Schulz, R. (2003).  Researchers look at caregivers and caregiving: Current data, future directions.  Healthcare and Aging (American Society on Aging), 10(4), 5.
Haggerty, C. L., Schulz, R., & Ness, R. B.  (2003). Lower quality of life among women with chronic pelvic pain after pelvic inflammatory disease.  Obstetrics & Gynecology, 102(5), 934-939.

Lepore, S. J., Helgeson, V.S., Eton, D. T., & Schulz, R. (2003).  Improving quality of life in men with prostate cancer: A randomized controlled trial of group education interventions.  Health Psychology, 22(5), 443-452. PMCID: PMC2593114.

Martire, L. M., Schulz, R., Keefe, F. J., Starz, T. W., Osial, T. A., Dew, M. A., & Reynolds, C. F.  (2003).   Feasibility of a dyadic intervention for management of osteoarthritis: A pilot study with older patients and their spousal caregivers.  Aging and Mental Health, 7(1), 53-60.

Martire, L. M., Schulz, R., Wrosch, C., & Newsom, J. T.  (2003). Perceptions and implications of received spousal care: Evidence from the Caregiver Health Effects Study.  Psychology and Aging, 18(3), 593-601.

Mehta, K. M., Simonsick, E. M., Penninx, B. W. J. H., Schulz, R., Rubin, S., Satterfield, S., & Yaffe, K.  (2003).  Prevalence and correlates of anxiety symptoms in well-functioning older adults: Findings from the Health Aging and Body Composition Study.  Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 51, 499-504.

Newsom, J. T., Prigerson, H. G., Schulz, R., & Reynolds, C. F.  (2003). Investigating moderator hypotheses in aging research:  Statistical, methodological, and conceptual difficulties with comparing separate regressions. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 57(2), 119-150.

Pillemer, K., Czaja, S., Schulz, R., & Stahl, S. M.  (2003). Finding the best ways to help: Opportunities and challenges of intervention research on aging.  In K. Pillemer, S. J. Czaja, & R. Schulz (Guest Eds.), Challenges of translational research on aging: The experience of the Roybal Centers.  The Gerontologist, 43 (Special Issue I), 5-8.

Rogers, J.C., Holm, M., Beach, S., Schulz, R., Cipriani, J., Fox, A., & Starz, T. W.  (2003). Concordance of four methods of disability assessment using performance in the home as the criterion method.  Arthritis Care and Research, 49(5), 640-647.

Schulz, R., Belle, S. H., Czaja, S. J., Gitlin, L., Wisniewski, S., Ory, M. G.  (2003). Introduction to the special section on Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer’s Caregiver Health (REACH).  Psychology and Aging, 18(3), 357-360.

Schulz, R., Burgio, L., Burns, R., Eisdorfer, C., Gallagher-Thompson, D., Gitlin, L., & Mahoney, D. F.   (2003). Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer’s Caregiver Health (REACH): Overview, site-specific outcomes, and future directions. The Gerontologist, 43(4), 514-520. PMCID: PMC2579756.

Schulz, R., Mendelsohn, A.B., Haley, W.E., Mahoney, D., Allen, R.S., Zhang, S., Thompson, L., & Belle, S.H.  (2003). End of life care and the effects of bereavement on family caregivers of persons with dementia.  New England Journal of Medicine, 349(20), 1936-1942.

Prigerson, H. G.  (2003). Editorial: Costs to society of family caregiving for patients with end-stage Alzheimer’s disease.  New England Journal of Medicine, 349(20), 1891-1892.

Wisniewski, S., Belle, S. H., Coon, D. W., Marcus, S. M., Ory, M. G., Burgio, L., Burns, R., Schulz, R.  (2003). The Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer’s Caregiver Health (REACH): Project design and baseline characteristics. Psychology and Aging, 18(3), 375-384. PMCID: PMC2577188.

Wrosch, C., Scheier, M. F., Carver, C. S., & Schulz, R.   (2003). The importance of goal disengagement in adaptive self-regulation: When giving up is beneficial.  Self and Identity, 2, 1-20.

Wrosch, C., Scheier, M. F., Miller, G. E., Schulz, R., & Carver, C.S.  (2003). Adaptive self-regulation of unattainable goals: Goal disengagement, goal reengagement, and subjective well-being.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29(12), 1494-1508.

Bourgeois, M. S., Schulz, R., Burgio, L., & Beach, S. R.  (2002).  Skills training for spouses of patients with Alzheimer’s disease: Outcomes of an intervention study.  Journal of Clinical Geropsychology, 8(1), 53-73.

Brodaty, H., Green, A., Banerjee, S., Mittelman, M., Schulz, R., Whitehouse, P., Harvey, R., Powell, M., Prince, M., Rios, D., Zarit, S.  (2002). Towards harmonisation of caregiver outcome measures.  Brain Aging, 2(4), 3-12.

Chelluri, L., Rotondi, A. J., Mendelsohn, A. B., Belle, S. H., Sirio, C. A., Donahoe, M. P., Pinsky, M. R., Schulz, R.  (2002). Two-month mortality and functional status of critically ill adult patients receiving prolonged mechanical ventilation.  CHEST, 121(2), 549-558.

Kilbourne, A. M., Justice, A. C., Rollman, B. L., Rabeneck, L., Weissman, S., Smola, S., Herron, N., Schulz, R., Rodriguez-Barradas, M. (2002). Clinical importance of HIV-related symptoms among depressed and non-depressed HIV+ patients.  Journal of General Internal Medicine, 17, 512-520.

Rooks, R. N., Simonsick, E. M., Miles, T., Newman, A., Kritchevsky, S. B., Schulz, R., Harris. T. (2002).  The association of race and socioeconomic status with cardiovascular disease indicators among older adults in the Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study.  Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 57B(4), S247-S256.

Rotondi, A. J., Chelluri, L., Sirio, C., Mendelsohn, A., Schulz, R., Belle, S., Im, K., Donahoe, M., Pinsky, M. R.  (2002). Patients’ recollections of stressful experiences while receiving prolonged mechanical ventilation in an ICU.  Critical Care Medicine, 30(4), 746-752.

Schulz, R., Drayer, R. A., & Rollman, B. L.  (2002). Depression as a risk factor for non-suicide mortality in the elderly.  Biological Psychiatry, 52(3), 205-225.

Schulz, R., Lustig, A., Handler, S., Martire, L.  (2002). Technology-based caregiver intervention research: Current status and future directions.  Gerontechnology, 2(1), 15-47.

Schulz, R, O’Brien, A., Czaja, S., Ory, M., Norris, R., Martire, L. M., Belle, S. H., Burgio, L., Gitlin, L., Coon, D., Burns, R., Gallagher-Thompson, D., Stevens, A.  (2002). Dementia caregiver intervention research:  In search of clinical significance.  The Gerontologist, 42(5), 589-602.  PMCID: PMC2579772.

Wrosch, C., Schulz, R., & Heckhausen, J.  (2002). Health stresses and depressive symptomatology in the elderly: The importance of health engagement control strategies.  Health Psychology, 21(4), 340-348.

Burgio, L., Corcoran, M., Lichstein, K. L., Nichols, L., Czaja, S., Gallagher-Thompson, D., Bourgeois, M., Stevens, A., Ory, M., & Schulz, R., for the REACH Investigators.  (2001). Judging outcomes in psychosocial interventions for dementia caregivers:  The problem of treatment implementation.  The Gerontologist, 41, 481-490. PMCID: PMC2577189.

Diez Rouz, A. V., Kiefe, C. I., Jacobs, Jr., D. R., Haan, M., Jackson, S. A., Nieto, F. J., Paton, C. C., & Schulz, R. (2001). Area characteristics and individual-level socioeconomic position indicators in 3 population-based epidemiologic studies. Annals of Epidemiology, 11, 395-405.

Gump, B. B., Matthews, K. A., Scheier, M. F., Schulz, R., Bridges, M. W., & Magovern, Sr., G. J. (2001).  Illness representations according to age and effects on health behaviors following coronary artery bypass graft surgery.  Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 49, 284-289.

Helgeson, V. S., Cohen, S., Schulz, R., Yasko, J.  (2001). Long-term effects of educational and peer discussion group support interventions on adjustment to breast cancer.  Health Psychology, 20, 387-392.

Lenze, E. J., Miller, M. D., Dew, M. A., Martire, L. M., Mulsant, B. H., Begley, A. E., Schulz, R., Frank, E., & Reynolds III, C. F.  (2001). Subjective health measures and acute treatment outcomes in geriatric depression.  International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 16, 1149-1155.

Lenze, E. J., Rogers, J. C., Martire, L. M., Mulsant, B. H., Rollman, B. L., Dew, M. A., Schulz, R., & Reynolds III, C. F.  (2001). The association of late-life depression and anxiety with physical disability: A review of the literature and prospectus for future research.  American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 9(2), 113-135.

Rogers, J.C., Holm, M., Beach, S., Schulz, R., & Starz, T. W.  (2001). Task independence, safety, and adequacy among nondisabled and osteoarthritis-disabled older women.  Arthritis Care and Research, 45, 410-418.

Schulz, R. (2001). Some critical issues in caregiver intervention research.  Aging and Mental Health, 5 (Supplement 1), S112-S115.

Schulz, R., Beach, S. R., Lind, B., Martire, L. M., Zdaniuk, B., Hirsch, C., Jackson, S., & Burton, L. (2001). Involvement in caregiving and adjustment to death of a spouse:  Findings from the Caregiver Health Effects Study.  Journal of the American Medical Association, 285(24), 3123-3129.

Shahar, D. R., Schulz, R., Shahar, A., & Wing, R. (2001). The effect of widowhood on weight change, dietary intake and eating behavior in the elderly population.  Journal of Aging and Health, 13,186-199.

Beach, S.R., & Schulz, R.  (2000). Is caregiving a risk factor for mortality?  Geriatric Times, 1(1), 26-27.

Beach, S. R., Schulz, R., Yee, J. L., & Jackson, S. (2000).  Negative and positive health effects of caring for a disabled spouse:  Longitudinal findings from the Caregiver Health Effects Study.  Psychology and Aging, 15, 259-271.

Bookwala, J., & Schulz, R.  (2000). A comparison of primary stressors, secondary stressors, and depressive symptoms between elderly caregiving husbands and wives: The Caregiver Health Effects Study.  Psychology and Aging, 15(4), 607-616.

Helgeson, V., Cohen, S., Schulz, R., & Yasko, J.  (2000).  Group support interventions for women with breast cancer.  Who benefits from what? Health Psychology, 19(2), 107-114.

Schulz, R., Beach, S. R., Ives, D. G., Martire, L. M., Ariyo, A. A., & Kop, W J. (2000).  Association between depression and mortality in older adults:  The Cardiovascular Health Study.  Archives of Internal Medicine, 160, 1761-1768.

Schulz, R., Martire, L. M., Beach, S. R. & Scheier, M. (2000).  Depression and mortality in the elderly.  Current Directions in Psychological Science, 9(6), 204-208.

Yee, J., & Schulz, R. (2000).  Gender differences in psychiatric morbidity among family caregivers: A review and analysis.  The Gerontologist, 40(2), 147-164.

Biegel, D. E., & Schulz, R., (1999) Caregiving and caregiver interventions in aging and mental illness. Family Relations, 48, 345-354.

Fine, M. J., Stone, R. A., Singer, D. E., Marrie, T. J., Coley, C. M., Hough, L. J., Obrosky, D. S., Lave, J. R., Schulz, R., et al. (1999). Processes and outcomes of care for patients with community-acquired pneumonia:  Results from the Pneumonia Patient Outcomes Research Team (PORT) Cohort study.  Archives of Internal Medicine, 159, 970-980.

Heckhausen, J., & Schulz, J. (1999). The primacy of primary control is a human universal:  A reply to Gould’s critique of the Life-Span Theory of Control.  Psychological Review, 106(3), 605-609.

Helgeson, V. S., Cohen, S., Schulz, R., & Yasko, J. (1999).  Effects of education and peer discussion group interventions on 6-month adjustment to stage I and II breast cancer.  Archives of General Psychiatry, 340-347.

Martire, L., Schulz, R., Mittelmark, M., & Newsom, J. (1999).  Stability and change in older adults’ social contact and social support: The Cardiovascular Health Study.  Journal of Gerontology:  Social Sciences, 54B, S302-311.

Ory, M G., Hoffman III, R. R., Yee, J. L., Tennstedt, S., & Schulz, R. (1999). Prevalence and impact of caregiving:  A detailed comparison between dementia and non-dementia caregivers.  The Gerontologist, 39, 177-185.

Prescop, K. L., Dodge, H. H., Morycz, R. K., Schulz, R., & Ganguli, M. (1999).  Elders with dementia living in the community with and without caregivers: An epidemiological study. International Psychogeriatrics, 11, 235-250.

Scheier, M. R., Matthews, K. A., Owens, J. F., Schulz, R., Bridges, M. W., Magovern, G. J., & Carver, C. S. (1999).  Optimism and rehospitalization following coronary artery bypass graft surgery.  Archives of Internal Medicine, 159, 829-834.

Schulberg, H. C., Mulsant, B., Schulz, R., Rollman, B. L., Houck, P. R., & Reynolds, C. F., III, (1999).  Characteristics and course of major depression in older primary care patients. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 28, 461-476.

Schulz, R., & Beach, S. (1999). Caregiving as a risk factor for mortality.  The caregiver health effects study.  Journal of the American Medical Association, 282, 2215-2219.

Schulz, R., & Heckhausen, J. (1999). Aging, culture, and control.  Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 54, P139-P145.

Schulz, R., & Ory, M.  (1999). REACHing out to dementia caregivers.  Innovations in Aging, 3, 8-11.

Switzer, G. E., Wisniewski, S. R., Belle, S. H., Dew, M. A., & Schulz, R. (1999). Selecting, developing, and evaluating research instruments. Psychiatric Epidemiology, 34, 399-409.

Tompkins, C. A., Spencer, K. A., & Schulz, R. (1999).  Evaluating stresses and interventions for informal carers of aphasic adults:  Taking a broader perspective.  A commentary on Servaes, Draper, Conroy, and Bowring. Aphasiology, 13(12), 902-907.

Bookwala, J., & Schulz, R. (1998).  The role of neuroticism and mastery in spouse caregivers’ response to a contextual stressor.  Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 53B, P155-164. (Winner of the best dissertation prize, 1996, Gerontological Society of America).

Gleason, P.P., Schulz, R., Smith, N. L., Newsom, J. T., Kroboth, P. D., Kroboth, F. J., and Psaty, B. M. (1998).  Correlates and prevalence of benzodiazepine use in community-dwelling elderly:  The Cardiovascular Health Study.  Journal of General Internal Medicine, 13, 243-250. PMCID: PMC1496936.

Newsom, J., & Schulz, R. (1998).  Caregiving from the recipient’s perspective:  Negative reactions to being helped.  Health Psychology, 17(2), 172-181.

Nieboer, A., Schulz, R., Matthews, K.A., Scheier, M.F., Ormel, J., & Lindenberg, S.M. (1998).  Spousal caregivers’ activity restriction and depression:  A model for changes over time.  Social Science and Medicine, 47(9), 1361-1371.

Schulz, R. (1998).  Remaining vital in the face of disability (Invited Editorial).  Journal of the American Geriatric Society, 46, 914-915.

Schulz, R., & Quittner, A. L. (1998).  Caregiving for children and adults with chronic conditions: Introduction to the Special Issue.  Health Psychology, 17(2), 107-111.

Williamson, G. M., Shaffer, D. R., & Schulz, R. (1998).  Activity restriction and prior relationship history as contributors to mental health outcomes among middle-aged and older spousal caregivers.  Health Psychology, 17(2), 152-162.

Bourgeois, M S., Burgio, L D., Schulz, R., Beach, S., & Palmer, B. (1997).  Modifying repetitive verbalizations of community-dwelling patients w/AD.  The Gerontologist, 37, 30-40.

Burton, L. C., Newsom, J. T., Schulz, R., Hirsch, C. H. & German, P. S. (1997).  Preventive health behaviors among spousal caregivers.  Preventive Medicine, 26, 162-169. (Lead Article).

Gleason, P. P., Kapoor, W. N., Stone, R. S., Lave, J. R. Obrosky, D. S., Schulz, R., Singer, D. E., Coley, C. M., Marrie T. J., & Fine, M. J. (1997).  Medical outcomes and antimicrobial costs: American Thoracic Society Guidelines for outpatients with community-acquired pneumonia.  Journal of the American Medical Association, 278, 32-39.

Hirsch, C. H., Fried, L. P., Harris, T., Fitzpatrick, A., Enright, P., & Schulz, R. (1997).  Correlates of performance-based measures of muscle function in the elderly:  The Cardiovascular Health Study.  Journal of Gerontology:  Medical Sciences, 52A, M192-200.

Metlay, J. P. Fine, M. J., Schulz, R., Marrie, T. J., Coley, C.M., Kapoor, W. N., & Singer, D. E. (1997).  Measuring symptomatic and functional recovery in patients with community-acquired pneumonia.  Journal of General Internal Medicine, 12, 423-430. PMCID: PMC1497132.

Metlay, J. P., Schulz, R., Li, Y., Hough, L. Kapoor, W. N., Lave, J. R., Singer, D. E., Marrie, T. J., Coley, C. M., Fine, M. J. (1997).  Influence of age on symptoms at presentation in patients with community-acquired pneumonia.  Archives of Internal Medicine, 157, 1453-1459.

Newson, J. T., Bookwala, J., & Schulz, R. (1997). Social support measurement in group residences for older adults.  Journal of Mental Health & Aging, 3, 47-66.

Schulz, R., Newsom, J. T., Fleissner, K., deCamp, A. R., & Nieboer, A. P.  (1997). The effects of bereavement after family caregiving.  Aging and Mental Health, 1, 269-282.

Schulz, R., Newsom, J., Mittelmark, M., Burton, L. Hirsch, C., & Jackson, S. (1997).  Health effects of caregiving: The Caregiver Health Effects Study: An ancillary study of the Cardiovascular Health Study.  Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 19, 110-116.

Schulz, R., & Williamson, G.  (1997). The measurement of caregiver outcomes in Alzheimer Disease Research.  Alzheimer Disease and Related Disorders, 11, (Supplement 6), 117-124.

Smyth, K. A., Ferris, S. H., Fox, P., Heyman, A., Holmes, D., Morris, J. N., Phillips, C. D., Schulz, R., Teresi, J., & Whitehouse, P. J. (1997).  Measurement choices in multi-site studies of outcomes in dementia.  Alzheimer Diseases and Associated Disorders, 11, (Supplement 6), pp. 30-44.

Spencer, K. A., Tompkins, C. A., & Schulz, R. (1997).  Assessing depression in patients with brain pathology:  The case of stroke.  Psychological Bulletin, 122, 132-152.

Vitaliano, P. P., Schulz, R., Kiecolt-Glaser, J., & Grant, I. (1997).  Research on physiological and physical concomitants of caregiving:  Where do we go from here?  Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 19, 117-123.

Bookwala, J., & Schulz, R. (1996).  Spousal similarity in subjective well-being.  The cardiovascular health study.  Psychology and Aging, 11, 582-591.

Bourgeois, M. S., Beach, S., Schulz, R., & Burgio, L. D. (1996).  When primary and secondary caregivers disagree:  Predictors and psychosocial consequences.  Psychology and Aging, 11, 527-537.

Bourgeois, M. S., Schulz, R., & Burgio, L. (1996).  Interventions for caregivers of patients with Alzheimer’s Disease:  A review and analysis of content, process, and outcomes.  International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 43, 35-92.

Gleason, P. P., & Schulz, R. (1996).  Assessing pharmacotherapy outcomes:  A model for clinicians. Pharmacotherapy, 16, 1142-1153.

Ives, D. G., Lave, J., Schulz, R., & Kuller, L.  (1996).  Mammography and pap smear under Medicare.  Public Health Reports, 111, 244-250.

Lyness, J. M., Bruce, M. L., Koenig, H. G., Parmelee, P. A., Schulz, R., Lawton, P., & Reynolds, C. F. III.  (1996).  Depression and medical illness in late life: Report of a symposium.  Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 44, 198-203.

Miller, M. D., Schulz, R., Paradis, C., Houck, P. R., Mazumdar, S., Frank, E., Dew, M. A., & Reynolds III, C. F. (1996).  Changes in perceived health status in depressed elderly patients treated to remission.  American Journal of Psychiatry, 153, 1350-1352.

Newsom, J. T., Knapp, J. E., & Schulz, R. (1996).  A longitudinal analysis of specific domains of internal control and depressive symptoms in patients with recurrent cancer.  Health Psychology, 15, 323-332.

Newsom, J. T., Schulz, R. (1996).  Social support as a mediator in the relation between functional status and quality of life in older adults.  Psychology and Aging, 11, 34-44.

Schulz, R., Bookwala, J., Knapp, J. E., Scheier, M., & Williamson, G. M. (1996).  Pessimism, age, and cancer mortality.  Psychology and Aging, 11, 304-309.

Schulz, R., & Heckhausen, J. (1996).  A life-span model of successful aging.  American Psychologist, 51, 702-714.

Schulz, R., Williamson, G. M., Knapp, J., Bookwala, J., & Lave. J. (1996). The social, psychological, and economic burdens of illness among patients with recurrent cancer.  Journal of Psychosocial Oncology, 13, 21-46.

Heckhausen, J., & Schulz, R.  (1995).  A life-span theory of control.  Psychological Review, 102(2), 284-304.

Schulz, R., (1995). Editorial.  Journal of Gerontology:  Psychological Sciences, 50B, P279.

Schulz, R., O’Brien, A, T., Bookwala, J., & Fleissner, K. (1995).  Psychiatric and physical morbidity effects of Alzheimer’s Disease caregiving: Prevalence, correlates, and causes.  The Gerontologist, 35, 771-791.

Spencer, C., Tompkins, C. A., Schulz, R., & Rau, M. T.  (1995).  The psychosocial outcomes of stroke: A longitudinal study of depression risk.  Clinical Aphasiology, 23, 9-23.

Williamson, G. M., & Schulz, R. (1995).  Activity restriction mediates the association between pain and depressed affect:  A study of younger and older adult cancer patients.  Psychology and Aging, 10, 369-379.

Williamson, G. M., & Schulz, R. (1995).  Caring for a family member with cancer:  Past communal behavior and affective reactions.  Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 25, 93-116.

Ettinger, W. H., Fried, L. P., Harris, T., Shemanski, L., Schulz, R., and Robbins, J. (1994).  Self-reported causes of physical disability in older people:  The Cardiovascular Health Study.  Journal of the American Geriatric Society, 42, 1045-1049.

Fine, M. J., Singer, D. E., Marrie, T. J., Lave, J. R., Coley, C. M., Schulz, R., Rogers, J. C., Stone, R. A., Karpf, M., Ricci, E. M., Obrosky, D. S., Hough, L. J., Kapoor, W. N. (1994).  Medical outcomes of ambulatory and hospitalized low risk patients with community-acquired pneumonia.  Journal of General Internal Medicine, 9 (April Supplement 2): 29A.

Ives, D. G., & Schulz, R. (1994). Assessment of marketing strategies for interdisciplinary continuing education programs in geriatrics.  Gerontology and Geriatrics Education, 15, 81-90.

Ives, D. G., Traven, N. D., Kuller, L. H., & Schulz, R. (1994).  Selection bias and non-response to health promotion in older adults.  Epidemiology, 5, 456-461.

Reynolds III, C. F., Zubenko, G. S, Pollock, B. G., Mulsant, B. H., Schulz, R., Mintun, M. A., Mazumdar, & Kupfer, D. J. (1994).  Depression in late life.  Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 7, 18-21.

Stommel, M. Given, B. A., Given, C. W., Kalaian, H. A., Schulz, R., & McCorkle, R. (1994).  Gender bias in the measurement properties of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D).  Psychiatry Research, 49, 239-250.

Schulz, R. (1994).  Debate on generalized theories of slowing.  Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 49, P59.

Schulz, R., Heckhausen, & O’Brien, A. (1994).  Control and the disablement process in the elderly. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 9, 139-152.

Manolio, T. A., Kronmal, R. A., Burke, G. L., Poirier, V., Oleary, D. H., Gardin, J. M., Fried, L. P., Steinberg, E. P., Bryan, R. N., Cody, M. E., Cruise, R. G., Ettinger, W. H., Furberg, C. D., Heiss, G., Klopfenstein, H. S., Lefkowitz, D. S., Lyles, M. F., Mittelmark, M. B., Tell, G. S., Bommer, W., Lee, M., Robbins, J., Schenker, M., Kumanyika, S., Bush, T. L., Chabot, J., Comstock, G. W., German, P. S., Hill, J., Kittnerk, S. J., Powe, N. R., Price, T. R., Rock, R., Szklo, M., Bonk, J., Kuller, L. H., McLaughlin, B., Meyer, P., Newman, A., Orchard, T. J., Rutan, G. H., Schulz,  et al.  (1994). Magnetic-resonance abnormalities and cardiovascular-disease in older adults – the Cardiovascular Health Study. Stroke, 25, 318-327 .

Schulz, R., Mittelmark, M., Kronmal, R., Polak, J. F., Hirsch, C.H., German, P., Bookwala, J. (1994).  Predictors of perceived health status in elderly men and women:  The Cardiovascular Health Study. Journal of Aging and Health, 6, 419-447.

Schulz, R., Musa, D., Staszewski, J., & Siegler, R. S. (1994).  Age and performance of major league baseball players:  Implications for development.  Psychology and Aging, 9, 274-286.

Schulz, R., & O’Brien, A. T. (1994). Alzheimer’s disease caregiving:  An overview.  Seminars in Speech and Language, 15, 185-194.

Williamson, G. M., & Schulz, R., Bridges, M. W., & Behan, A. M. (1994).  Social and psychological factors in adjustment to limb amputation.  Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 9, pp. 249-268.

Biegel, D., Bass, D. M., Schulz, R., & Morycz, R.  (1993). Predictors of in-home and out-of-home service use by family caregivers of Alzheimer’s disease patients.  Journal of Health and Aging, 5, 419-439.

Bild, D. E., Fitzpatrick, A., Fried, L. P., Wong, N., Haan, M. N., Lyles, M., Bovill, E., Polak, J.F., & Schulz, R. (1993). Age-related trends in cardiovascular morbidity and physical functioning in the elderly:  The Cardiovascular Health Study.  Journal of the American Geriatric Society, 41, 1047-1056.

Cotrell, V., & Schulz, R. (1993).  The perspective of the patient with Alzheimer’s disease:  A neglected dimension of dementia research.  The Gerontologist, 33, 205-211.

Heckhausen, J., & Schulz, R. (1993).  Optimisation by selection and compensation:  Balancing primary and secondary control in life span development.  International Journal of Behavioural Development, 16(2), 287-303.

Nicholas, J. J., Robinson, L. R., Schulz, R., Blair, C., Aliota, R., & Hairston, G. (1993).  Problems experienced and perceived by prosthetic patients.  Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics, 5, 16-20.

Schulz, R., & Williamson, G. M. (1993).  Psychosocial and behavioral dimensions of physical frailty. Journals of Gerontology, special issue on Physical Frailty: A treatable cause of dependence in old age. 48, 39-43.

Williamson, G.M., & Schulz, R. (1993).  Coping with specific stressors in Alzheimer’s disease caregiving.  The Gerontologist, 33, 647-555.

Ives, D. G., Kuller, L. H., Schulz, R., Traven, N. D., & Lave, J. R.  (1992). Comparison of recruitment strategies and associated disease prevalence for health promotion in rural elderly.  Preventive Medicine: An International Journal, 21, 582-591.

Rybarczyk, B. D., Nyenhuis, D. L., Nicholas, J. J., Schulz, R., Alioto, R. J., & Blair, C. (1992).  Social discomfort and depression in a sample of adults with leg amputations.  Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 73, 1169-1173.

Sales, E., Schulz, R., & Biegel, D. (1992).  Predictors of strain in families of cancer patients:  A review of the literature.  Journal of Psychosocial Oncology, 10(2), 1-26.

Schulz, R. (1992).  Editorial.  Journal of Gerontology:  Psychological Sciences, 46, P2.
Williamson, G. M., Schulz, R.  (1992). Pain, activity restriction, and symptoms of depression among community-residing elderly adults.  Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 47, P367-P372.

Williamson, G. M., & Schulz, R. (1992).  Physical illness and symptoms of depression among elderly outpatients. Psychology and Aging, 7, 343-351.

Heckhausen, J., & Schulz, R. (1991).  Shifting preferences for primary and secondary control across the life course:  A new conceptualization.  Ceskoslovenska Psychologie, 36, 1-9.

Schulz, R., Heckhausen, J., & Locher, J. (1991).  Adult development, control, and adaptive functioning. Social Issues, 47, 177-196.

Schulz, R., & Williamson, G. M. (1991).  A two-year longitudinal study of depression in Alzheimer’s caregivers.  Psychology and Aging, 6, 569-579.

Pope, M. and Schulz, R. (1990).  Sexual attitudes and behavior in midlife and aging homosexual males.  Journal of Homosexuality, 20, 169-178.

Schulz, R., & Tompkins, C.A.  (1990). Life events and changes in social relationships:  Examples, mechanisms, & measurement.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 9, 69-78.

Schulz, R., Visintainer, P., & Williamson, G. M. (1990).  Psychiatric and physical morbidity effect of caregiving.  Journals of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 45, P181-191.

Schulz, R., & Williamson, G. (1990).  Biases in family assessments of depression in Alzheimer’s disease.  American Journal of Psychiatry, 147, 377-378.

Tompkins, C. A., Jackson, S. T., & Schulz, R. (1990).  On prognostic research in adult neurogenic disorders.  Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 33, 398-401.

Williamson, G. M., & Schulz, R. (1990).  Relationship orientation, quality of prior relationship, and distress among caregivers of Alzheimer’s patients.  Psychology and Aging, 5, 502-510.

Decker, S. D., Schulz, R., & Wood, D. (1989).  Determinants of well-being in primary caregivers of spinal cord injuted persons.  Rehabilitation Nursing, 14, 6-8.

Fischer, L., Visintainer, P., and Schulz, R. (1989).  Reliable assessment of dementia patients’ cognitive function by family caregivers.  The Gerontologist, 29, 333-335.

Rau, M. T. and Schulz, R. (1988).  The psychosocial context of stroke-related communication disorders in the elderly:  A social network perspective.  Seminars in Speech and Language: Communication and Aging, 9, 167-176.

Schulz, R., and Curnow, C. (1988). Peak performance and age among superathletes:  Track and field, swimming, baseball, tennis, and golf.  Journal of Gerontology, 43, 113-120.

Schulz, R., Tompkins, C., and Rau, M. T. (1988).  A longitudinal study of the psychosocial impact of stroke on primary support persons.  Psychology and Aging, 3, 131-141.

Tompkins, C. A., Schulz, R., and Rau, M. T.  (1988).  Post-stroke depression in primary support persons: Predicting those at risk.  Journal of Clinical and Consulting Psychology, 56, 502-508.

Williams, A. K., and Schulz, R. (1988). The association of pain and physical dependency with depression in physically ill middle aged and elderly persons.  Physical Therapy, 68, 1226-1231.

Schulz, R., and Fritz, S. (1987). Origins of stereotypes of the elderly:  An experimental study of the self-other discrepancy.  Experimental Aging Research, 13, 189-195.

Schulz, R., Tompkins, C., and Wood, D., & Decker, S.  (1987). The social psychology of caregiving:  Physical and psychological costs of providing support to the disabled.  Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 17, 401-428.

Schulz, R. and Schlarb, J. (1987-1988). Two decades of research on dying:  What do we know about the patient?  Omega: Journal of Death and Dying, 18, 1987-88, 299-318.

Schulz, R.  (1986). Successful aging:  Balancing primary and secondary control.  Adult Development and Aging News, 13, 2-4.

Decker, S. and Schulz, R.  (1985).  Correlates of life satisfaction and depression in middle aged and elderly spinal cord injured persons.  American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 39, 740 746.

Schulz, R. and Decker, S.  (1985). Long-term adjustment to physical disability:  The role of social support, perceived control, and self-blame.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48, 1162 1172.

Horowitz, M. and Schulz, R.  (1983). The relocation controversy:  Commentary and criticism of five recent studies.  The Gerontologist, 23, 229 235.

Schulz, R. and Horowitz, M.  (1983). Meta-analytic biases and problems of validity in the relocation literature: Final comments.  The Gerontologist, 23, 460 462.

Schulz, R.  (1982). Emotionality and aging:  A theoretical and empirical integration. Journal of Gerontology, 37, 42 52.

Schulz, R. and Bazerman, M.  (1980). Ceremonial occasions and mortality:  A second look.  American Psychologist, 35, 253 261.

Schulz, R. and Hanusa, B. H.  (1980). Applications of experimental social psychology to aging.  Journal of Social Issues, 36, 30 47.

Scheier, M., Carver, C., Schulz, R., Glass, D. and Katz, I.  (1978). Sympathy, self-consciousness and reactions to the stigmatized.  Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 8, 270 282.

Schulz, R. and Aderman, D. (1978-79).  Physician’s death anxiety and patient outcome. Omega: Journal of Death and Dying, 9, 327 333.

Schulz, R. and Hanusa, B. H.  (1978). Long-term effects of predictability and control enhancing interventions:  Findings and ethical issues. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 36, 1194 120l.

Hanusa, B. and Schulz, R.  (1977). Attributional mediators of learned helplessness.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 35, 602 611.

Schulz, R. and Brenner, G.  (1977). Relocation of the aged:  A review and theoretical analysis.  Journal of Gerontology, 32, 323 333.

Schulz, R. and Aderman, D.  (1976). How the medical staff copes with dying patients:  A critical review.  Omega: Journal of Death and dying, 7, 11 22.

Schulz, R. (1976).  The effects of control and predictability on the physical and psychological well being of the institutionalized aged. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 33, 563 573.

Schulz, R. (1976).  Meetings the needs of the dying.  Geriatrics, 31, 132 133.

Schulz, R. and Aderman, D.  (1974). Clinical research and the stages of dying.  Omega: Journal of Death and Dying, 5, 137 143.

Schulz, R. and Barefoot, J.  (1974). Nonverbal responses and affiliative conflict theory.  British Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 13, 237 243.

Snyder, M., Schulz, R., and Jones, E. E.  (1974). Expectancy and apparent duration as determinants of fatigue. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 29, 426 434.

Schulz, R. and Aderman, D.  (1973). Effect of residential change on the temporal distance to death of terminal cancer patients.  Omega: Journal of Death and Dying, 4, 157 162.

Schulz, B. and Schulz, R.  (1972). Family size preference and sex composition.  Sociological Symposium, 72 82.


Book Chapters

Barlow, M., Wrosch, C., Heckhausen, J., & Schulz, R. (2016). Control strategies for managing physical health problems in old age: Evidence for the motivational theory of life span. In J.W. Reich & F.J. Infurna (Eds.), Perceived Control: Theory Research, and Practice in the First 50 Years (pp.281-207). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Czaja, S.J., Beach, S., Charness, N., & Schulz, R. (2013). Older adults and adoption of healthcare technology: Opportunities and challenges. In A. Sixsmith & G. Gutman (Eds.), Technologies for Active Aging (pp. 27-46). International Perspectives on Aging, Vol. 9. New York, NY: Springer US. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4419-8348-0_3

Czaja, S.J., Lee, C.C., & Schulz, R. (2013). Quality of life technologies in supporting family caregivers. In R. Schulz (Ed.), Quality of Life Technology Handbook (pp. 245-260). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press/Taylor and Francis Group.

Schulz, R. (2013). Current issues in informal caregiving research: Prevalence, health effects, and intervention strategies. In H. Lavretsky, M. Sajatovic, & C.F. Reynolds III (Eds.), Late-life Mood Disorders (pp. 236-253). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Schulz, R. (2013). Facilitators and barriers to technology uptake: Organizational and societal perspectives. In R. Schulz (Ed.), Quality of Life Technology Handbook (pp. 17-27). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press/Taylor and Francis Group.

Schulz, R., & Beach, S.R. (2013). Who can benefit from Quality of Life Technology? In R. Schulz (Ed.), Quality of Life Technology Handbook (pp. 3-16). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press/Taylor and Francis Group.

Schulz, R., Beach, S.R., Dabbs, A.D., Matthews, J.T., Courtney, K.L., Seelman, K.D., & Mecca, L.P. (2013). Preface: Introduction and overview: What do we mean by quality of life technologies? In R. Schulz (Ed.). Quality of Life Technology Handbook (pp. vii-xiv). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Taylor & Francis Group.

Schulz, R., & Morycz, R. (2013). Psychosocial factors, health, and quality of life. In M.D. Miller & L.K. Solai (Eds.), Geriatric Psychiatry (pp. 343-371). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Gitlin, L.N., & Schulz, R. (2012). Family caregiving of older adults. In T.R. Prohaska, L.A. Anderson, & R.H. Binstock (Eds.), Public Health for an Aging Society. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Martire, L.M., & Schulz, R. (2012). Caregiving and care receiving in later life: Health effects and promising interventions. In A. Baum, T. Revenson, & J. Singer (Eds.), Handbook of Health Psychology, 2nd ed. New York, NY: Psychology Press/Taylor and Francis.

Schulz, R., & Monin, J.K. (2011). The costs and benefits of informal caregiving. In S. Brown, R. Brown, & L. Penner (Eds.), Moving Beyond Self-interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Schulz, R. & Tompkins, C.A. (2010). Informal caregivers in the United States: Prevalence, caregiver characteristics, and ability to provide care. In National Research Council, The Role of Human Factors in Home Health Care: Workshop Summary (pp. 117-143). S. Olson, Rapporteur. Committee on the Role of Human Factors in Home Health Care, Committee on Human-Systems Integration. Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Schulz, R., & Albert, S.M. (2009). Psychosocial aspects of aging, In Halter J.B., Ouslander, J.G., Tinetti, M.E., Studenski, S., High, K.P., & Asthana, S. (Eds.), Hazzard’s Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Inc.

Schulz, R., & Martire, L. M. (2009). Caregiving and employment. In Czaja S.J. and Sharit J. (Eds.), Aging and Work. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Schulz, R., Boerner, K., & Hebert, R.S. (2008). Caregiving and bereavement. In M.S. Stroebe, R.O. Hansson, H. Schut, & W. Stroebe (Eds.), Handbook of Bereavement Research and Practice: 21st Century Perspectives (pp. 265-285). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association Press.

Boerner, K., & Schulz, R. (2006). The role of positive aspects of caregiving in adaptation to bereavement. In B. Vellas, L. J. Fitten, H. Feldman, E. Giacobini, M. Grundman, B. Winblad, & A. Kurz (Eds.), Research and Practice in Alzheimer’s Disease and Cognitive Decline, Volume 11 (pp. 332-335). Paris: SERDI Publisher.

Lingler, J.H., & Schulz, R. (2006). Do the benefits of anti-dementia drugs extend to family caregivers? In B. Vellas, L. J. Fitten, H. Feldman, E. Giacobini, M. Grundman, B. Winblad, & A. Kurz (Eds.), Research and Practice in Alzheimer’s Disease and Cognitive Decline, Volume 11 (pp. 322-327). Paris, France: SERDI Publisher.

Schmidt, K.L., & Schulz, R. (2006). Emotions. In Birren, J.E. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Gerontology, 2nd edition. Academic Press: Burlington, MA.

Antonucci, T. C. & Schulz, R. (2003). Families, social support, and caregiving. In W. R. Hazzard, J. P. Blass, J. B. Halter, J. G. Ouslander, & M. E. Tinetti (Eds), Principles of geriatric medicine and gerontology, fifth edition (pp. 255-263). NY: McGraw-Hill.

Coon, D.W., Ory, M.G., & Schulz, R. (2003). Family caregivers: Enduring and emergent themes. In D.W. Coon, D. Gallagher-Thompson, & L.W. Thompson (Eds.), Innovative interventions to reduce dementia caregiver distress (pp. 3-27). NY: Springer.

Schulz, R., Wrosch, C., & Heckhausen J. (2003). The life-span theory of control: Issues and evidence. In S. Zarit, L. Pearlin, & K.W. Schaie (Eds.), Personal control in social and life course contexts (pp. 233-262). NY: Springer.

Bookwala, J., Newman, J. L., & Schulz, R. (2002). Research on men caregivers: A methodological review. In B. J. Kramer & E. H. Thompson (Eds.), Men as caregivers: Theory, research, and service implications (pp. 69-96). NY: Springer.

Martire, L. M., & Schulz, R. (2002). Psychosocial-behavorial interventions. In D. J. Ekerdt, R.A. Applebaum, K. C. Holden, S. G. Post, K. Rockwood, R. Schulz, & R. L. Sprott (Eds.), Encyclopedia of aging. NY: Macmillan Reference USA.

Helgeson, V. S., Cohen, S., Schulz, R., & Yasko, J. (2001). Group support interventions for people with cancer. In A. Baum & B. L. Andersen, (Eds.), Psychosocial interventions for cancer (pp. 269-286). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Martire, L. M., & Schulz, R. (2001). Informal caregiving to older adults: Health effects of providing and receiving care. In A. Baum, T. Revenson, & J. Singer (Eds.), Handbook of health psychology (pp. 477-494). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Martire, L. M., & Schulz, R. (2001). Psychosocial interventions. In G. L. Maddox (Ed.), The encyclopedia of aging (3rd Edition) (pp. 846-848). NY: Springer.

Schulz, R. (2001). Caregiver Burden. In N.J. Smelser & P.B. Baltes (Eds.), International encyclopedia of the social and behavioral sciences (pp. 1476-1479). Oxford, England: Elsevier Science Ltd.

Schulz, R., Czaja, S., & Belle, S. (2001). Overview and intervention approaches to family caregiving: Decomposing complex psychosocial interventions. In W. Rogers & D. Fisk (Eds.), Human factors interventions for the health care of older adults (pp. 147-163). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Bookwala, J., Yee, J. L., & Schulz, R. (2000). Caregiving and detrimental mental and physical health outcomes. In G. M. Williamson, D. R. Shaffer, & P. A. Parmelee (Eds.), Physical illness and depression in older adults: A handbook of theory, research, and practice (pp. 93-131). NY: Plenum.

Czaja, S., Eisdorfer, C., & Schulz, R. (2000), Future directions in caregiving: Implications for intervention research. In R. Schulz (Ed.), Handbook on dementia caregiving: Evidence-based interventions for family caregivers (pp. 283-319). NY: Springer.

Kennet, J., Burgio, L., & Schulz, R. (2000). Interventions for in-home caregivers: A review of research 1990 to present. In R. Schulz (Ed.), Handbook on dementia caregiving: Evidence-based interventions for family caregivers (pp. 61-126). NY: Springer.

Ory, M. C., Yee, J. L., Tennstedt, S. L., & Schulz, R. (2000). The extent and impact of dementia care: Unique challenges experienced by family caregivers. In R. Schulz (Ed.), Handbook on dementia caregiving: Evidence-based interventions for family caregivers (pp. 1-33). NY: Springer.

Schulberg H. C., Schulz, R., Miller, M., Rollman, B.L. (2000). Depression and physical illness in older primary care patients: Diagnostic and treatment issues. G.M. Williamson, P.A. Parmelee, & D.R. Shaffer (Eds.), Physical illness and depression in older adults: A handbook of theory, research & practice. NY: Plenum Press.

Schulz, R., Gallagher-Thompson, D., Haley, & Czaja, S. (2000). Understanding the interventions process: A theoretical/conceptual framework for intervention approaches to caregiving. In R. Schulz (Ed.), Handbook on dementia caregiving: Evidence-based interventions for family caregivers (pp.33-61). NY: Springer.

Schulz, R., Heckhausen, J., & O’Brien, A. (2000). Negative affect and the disablement process in late life: A life-span control theory approach. In S. Manuck & A. Baum (Eds.), Behavior, health, and aging (pp. 119-133). West Newton, MA: Argosy Press.

Switzer, G. E., Wisniewski, S R., Belle, S. H., Burns, R., Winter, L, Thompson, L., & Schulz, R. (2000). Measurement issues in intervention research. In R. Schulz (Ed.), Handbook on dementia caregiving: Evidence-based interventions for family caregivers (pp. 187-224). NY: Springer.

Coon D. W., Schulz, R., Ory, M. G., and the REACH study group (1999). Innovative intervention approaches for Alzheimer’s Disease caregivers. In D. E. Biegel and A. Blum (Eds.), Innovations in practice and service delivery across the lifespan (pp. 295-325). NY: Oxford University Press.

Heckhausen, J., & Schulz, R. (1999). Selectivity in life-span development: Biological and societal canalizations and individual developmental goals (pp. 67-105). In J. Brandtstädter and R. M. Lerner (Eds.), Action and self-development: Theory and research through the life span. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Reynolds, C. F., Frank, E., Mazumdar, S., Meltzer, C. D., Mulsant, B. H., Pollock, B. G., Schulberg, H. C., Schulz, R., Shear, M. K., & Smith, G. (1999). In R. Schulz, G. Maddox & M. P. Lawton (Eds.), Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Vol. 18: Intervention research with older adults (pp. 48-74). NY: Springer.

Schulz, R., & Martire, L. M. (1999). Intervention research with older adults: Introduction, overview, and future directions. In R. Schulz, M. P. Lawton, & G. M. Maddox, (Eds.), Intervention research with older adults (pp. 1-16). NY: Springer.

Heckhausen, J., & Schulz, R. (1998). Developmental regulation in adulthood: Selection and compensation via primary and secondary control. In J. Heckhausen & E. Skinner (Eds.), Motivation and control over the life course (pp. 50-77). NY: Cambridge University Press.

Schulz, R. (1998). Motivation over the life course. Review and Analysis. In J. Heckhausen & E. Skinner (Eds.), Motivation and control over the life course (pp. 424-436). NY: Cambridge University Press.

Newsom, J., Bookwala, J., & Schulz, R. (1997). Social support measurement in group residences for older adults. In J. A. Teresi, M. P. Lawton, D. Holmes, & M. Ory (Eds.), Measurement in elderly chronic care populations (pp. 157-177). NY: Springer.

Schulz, R., & Heckhausen, H. (1997). Emotion and control: A life span perspective (pp. 185- 205). In K. W. Schaie & M. P. Lawton (Eds.), Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Volume 17. NY: Springer.

Schulz, R., O’Brien, A. T., & Tompkins, C. A. (1995). Measurement of affect in the elderly. In M. P. Lawton & J. Teresi (Eds.), Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Vol. 14 (pp.210-234). NY: Springer.

Schulz, R., Williamson, G., & Heckhausen J. (1995). Aging (pp. 20-24). In A.S.R. Manstead & M. Hewstone (Eds.), The Blackwell Dictionary of Social Psychology. Oxford, UK: Blackwell.

Williamson, G., & Schulz, R. (1995). Symptoms of depression in elderly persons: Beyond the effects of physical illness and disability. In B. J. Vellas, J. L. Albarede, & P. J Garry (Eds.), Facts and Research in Gerontology Journal (suppl., pp. 9-19). New York: Springer.

Schulz, R., & Williamson, G. (1994). Health effects of caregiving: Prevalence of mental and physical illness in Alzheimer’s Caregivers. In E. Light, G. Niederhe, and B. Lebowitz (Eds.), Stress Effects on Family Caregivers of Alzheimer’s Patients (pp. 38-64). NY: Springer.

Schulz, R., Williamson, G., Morycz, R., & Biegel, D. (1993). Changes in depression among men and women caring for an Alzheimer’s Patient. In S. Zarit, L. I. Pearlin, K. W. Schaie (Eds.), Caregiving Systems: Formal and Informal Helpers (pp. 119-140). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Schulz, R., Williamson, G., Morycz, R. K., & Biegel, D. E. (1992). The costs and benefits of providing care to Alzheimer’s patients. In S. Oskamp and S. Spacapan (Eds.), The Claremont Symposium in Applied Social Psychology (pp. 153-183). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.

Schulz, R. (1990). Theoretical perspectives on caregiving: Concepts, variables, and methods. In D. Biegel and A. Blum (Eds.), Aging and Caregiving: Theory, Research, and Policy (pp. 9-52). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.

Schulz, R., and Visintainer, P. (1990). Measuring mental health, health, function and coping in the chronically mentally ill elderly. In E. Light and B. D. Lebowitz (Eds.), The Elderly with Chronic Mental Illness (pp. 334-345). NY: Springer.

Biegel, D. E., Schulz, R., Shore, B. K., and Morycz, R. (1989). Economic supports for family caregivers. In M. Z. Goldstein (Ed.), Family Involvement in the Psychiatric Treatment of the Frail Elderly (pp. 157-202). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.

Schulz, R. and Biegel, D., Morycz, R., & Visintainer, P. (1989). Current psychological paradigms for understanding caregiver well being and burden within the family context. In E. Light and B. Lebowitz (Eds.), Alzheimer’s disease treatment and family stress: Directions for research. Washington, DC: National Institute of Mental Health, 106-121.

Schulz, R. and Hanusa, B. H. (1988). Information seeking, self-esteem, and helplessness. In L. Abramson (Ed.), Attributional Processes and Clinical Psychology (pp. 98-116). NY: Guilford Press.

Rau, M.T., Schulz, R., Rhyne, C., & Golper, L.A. (1986). The post-stroke psychosocial environment of stroke patients and their partners: Some preliminary results of a longitudinal study. In R. Brookshire (Ed.), Clinical Aphasiology, Volume 16. Minneapolis, MN: BRK Publishers.

Schulz, R. (1985). Emotions and affect. In J. Birren and K. W. Schaie (Eds.), Handbook of the Psychology of Aging, 2nd Edition. NY: Van Nostrand.

Schulz, R. and Rau, M. T. (1985). Social support through the life course. In S. Cohen and L. Syme (Eds.), Social Support and Health. NY: Academic Press.

Horowitz, M. and Schulz, R. (1985). Institutional relocation and its impact on mortality, morbidity, and psychosocial status. In A. Baum and J. Singer (Eds.), Advances in Health Psychology, Vol. 3. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Schulz, R. and Manson, S. (1984). Social-psychological aspects of aging. In C. Cassel and J.R. Walsh (Eds.), Geriatric Medicine: Principles and Practice. NY: Springer Verlag.

Wilson, K. and Schulz, R. (1983). Criteria for effective crisis intervention. In M. Smyer and M. Gatz (Eds.), Mental Health and Aging: Programs and Evaluations. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.

Schulz, R. (1982). Aging, health, and theoretical social gerontology: Where are we, and where should we go? In R. M. Eiser (Ed.), Social Psychology and Behavioral Medicine. NY: Wiley.

Schulz, R. (1982). Emotionality and aging. In J. Polivy and K. Blankenstein (Eds.), Annual Symposium on Communication and Affect, Vol. 9. NY: Plenum Press.

Schulz, R. and Decker, S. (1982). Social support, adjustment and the elderly spinal cord injured: A social psychological analysis. In G. Weary and H. L. Mirels (Eds.), Integrations of Clinical and Social Psychology. NY: Oxford University Press.

Schulz, R. (1981). The future of aging. In A. G. Lee (Ed.), Biological and Behavioral Science Frontiers in Aging. Symposium Proceedings. Pullman, WA: Washington State University.

Krantz, D. and Schulz, R. (1980). A model of life crisis, control, and health outcomes: Cardiac rehabilitation and relocation of the elderly. In A. Baum and J.E. Singer (Eds.), Advances in Environmental Psychology, Vol. II. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Schulz, R. (1980). Aging and control. In J. Garber and M. E. P. Seligman, (Eds.), Human Helplessness: Theory and Applications. NY: Academic Press.

Schulz, R. (1979). Death anxiety: Intuitive and empirical perspectives. In L. Bugen (Ed.), Death and Dying: Theory, research, and applications. Dubuque, IA: W.C. Brown. Reprinted in: S. Wilcox and M. Sumers (Eds.), Understanding Death and Dying, 3d. Ed. Palo Alto, CA: Baywood, 1985.

Schulz, R. and Hanusa, B. H. (1979). Environmental influences on the effectiveness of control and competence enhancing interventions. In L. C. Pearlmuter and R. A. Monty (Eds.), Choice and Perceived Control. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Schulz, R. (1976). Some life and death consequences of perceived control. In J. Carroll and J. Payne (Eds.), Cognition and Social Behavior. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.